Designing, implementing and managing marine protected areas: Emerging trends and opportunities for coral reef nations

Ban, Natalie C., Adams, Vanessa M., Almany, Glenn R., Ban, Stephen, Cinner, Josh E., McCook, Laurence J., Mills, Morena, Pressey, Robert L. and White, Alan (2011) Designing, implementing and managing marine protected areas: Emerging trends and opportunities for coral reef nations. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 408 1-2: 21-31. doi:10.1016/j.jembe.2011.07.023

Author Ban, Natalie C.
Adams, Vanessa M.
Almany, Glenn R.
Ban, Stephen
Cinner, Josh E.
McCook, Laurence J.
Mills, Morena
Pressey, Robert L.
White, Alan
Title Designing, implementing and managing marine protected areas: Emerging trends and opportunities for coral reef nations
Journal name Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0022-0981
Publication date 2011-11
Year available 2011
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/j.jembe.2011.07.023
Open Access Status
Volume 408
Issue 1-2
Start page 21
End page 31
Total pages 11
Place of publication Amsterdam, Netherlands
Publisher Elsevier BV
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Coral reefs are in dire need of effective governance, yet the science and planning of coral reef protected areas largely stem from wealthy, developed nations, with very different social, economic, and cultural characteristics than the nations in which most coral reefs occur. Much has been written about coral reefs and the use of marine protected areas (MPAs) as a management tool, but emerging trends and
recommendations have not been adequately synthesized for the context of developing nations. We found that 60% of studies on MPA design and planning are from North America, Australia, Europe and the Mediterranean. As a result, many recommendations about how best to design, implement and manage coral reef protected areas may need to be adapted to address the needs of other nations. Based on the literature and our experiences, we review three emerging trends in MPA design and management, and relate these to the context of coral reef developing nations. First, MPA design is evolving to merge community (usually bottom-up) and regional (usually top-down) planning approaches. Second, the increasing recognition that social and ecological systems are tightly coupled is leading to planning and management of MPAs that better incorporate the human dimensions of reef systems and their linkages with reef ecology. Finally, there has been a trend toward adaptive management of MPAs and the emergence of related ideas about adaptive planning. These three trends provide crucial and much needed opportunities for improving MPAs and their effectiveness in coral reef nations.
Keyword Adaptive management
Coral reefs
Marine protected areas
Marine reserves
Social-ecological systems
Systematic conservation planning
Integrated Coastal Management
Active Adaptive Management
Fisheries Management
Biodiversity Conservation
Customary Management
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Unknown

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collection: Global Change Institute Publications
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Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 29 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
Scopus Citation Count Cited 31 times in Scopus Article | Citations
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