Evaluation of screening tests for predicting older driver performance and safety assessed by an on-road test

Wood, Joanne M., Horswill, Mark S., Lacherez, Philippe F. and Anstey, Kaarin J. (2013) Evaluation of screening tests for predicting older driver performance and safety assessed by an on-road test. Accident Analysis and Prevention, 50 1161-1168. doi:10.1016/j.aap.2012.09.009


Author Wood, Joanne M.
Horswill, Mark S.
Lacherez, Philippe F.
Anstey, Kaarin J.
Title Evaluation of screening tests for predicting older driver performance and safety assessed by an on-road test
Journal name Accident Analysis and Prevention   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0001-4575
1879-2057
Publication date 2013-01
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/j.aap.2012.09.009
Volume 50
Start page 1161
End page 1168
Total pages 8
Place of publication Oxford, United Kingdom
Publisher Elsevier
Collection year 2014
Language eng
Abstract A number of tests and test batteries are available for the prediction of older driver safety, but many of these have not been validated against standardized driving outcome measures. The aim of this study was to evaluate a series of previously described screening tests in terms of their ability to predict the potential for safe and unsafe driving. Participants included 79 community-dwelling older drivers (M = 72.16 years, SD = 5.46; range 65-88 years; 57 males and 22 females) who completed a previously validated multi-disciplinary driving assessment, a hazard perception test, a hazard change detection test and a battery of vision and cognitive tests. Participants also completed a standardized on-road driving assessment. The multi-disciplinary test battery had the highest predictive ability with a sensitivity of 80% and a specificity of 73%, followed by the hazard perception test which demonstrated a sensitivity of 75% and a specificity of 61%. These findings suggest that a relatively simple and practical battery of tests from a range of domains has the capacity to predict safe and unsafe driving in older adults.
Keyword Older drivers
Screening batteries
On-road driving assessment
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2014 Collection
School of Psychology Publications
 
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