Physical activity, cardiorespiratory fitness, and exercise training in primary and secondary coronary prevention

Swift, Damon L., Lavie, Carl J., Johannsen, Neil M., Arena, Ross, Earnest, Conrad P., O'Keefe, James H., Milani, Richard V., Blair, Steven N. and Church, Timothy S. (2013) Physical activity, cardiorespiratory fitness, and exercise training in primary and secondary coronary prevention. Circulation Journal, 77 2: 281-292. doi:10.1253/circj.CJ-13-0007


Author Swift, Damon L.
Lavie, Carl J.
Johannsen, Neil M.
Arena, Ross
Earnest, Conrad P.
O'Keefe, James H.
Milani, Richard V.
Blair, Steven N.
Church, Timothy S.
Title Physical activity, cardiorespiratory fitness, and exercise training in primary and secondary coronary prevention
Journal name Circulation Journal   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1346-9843
1347-4820
Publication date 2013-02
Sub-type Critical review of research, literature review, critical commentary
DOI 10.1253/circj.CJ-13-0007
Open Access Status DOI
Volume 77
Issue 2
Start page 281
End page 292
Total pages 12
Place of publication Kyoto-shi, Japan
Publisher Japanese Circulation Society
Collection year 2014
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Substantial data have established that higher levels of physical activity (PA), participating in exercise training (ET), and higher overall cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) provide considerable protection in the primary and secondary prevention of coronary heart disease (CHD). This review surveys data from epidemiological and prospective ET studies supporting the favorable impact of PA, ET, and CRF in primary CHD prevention. Clearly, cardiac rehabilitation and ET (CRET) programs have been underutilized for patients with CHD, particularly considering the effect of CRET on CHD risk factors, including CRF, obesity indices, fat distribution, plasma lipids, inflammation, and psychological distress, as well as overall morbidity and mortality. These data strongly support the routine referral of patients with CHD to CRET programs and that patients should be vigorously encouraged to attend CRET following major CHD events.
Keyword Cardiac rehabilitation
Coronary heart disease
Exercise
Fitness
Body Mass Index
Cardiovascular Disease Mortality
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Critical review of research, literature review, critical commentary
Collections: Official 2014 Collection
School of Medicine Publications
 
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