The role of technology in sustainable development is currently evolving. The rapid expansion in population numbers has made it necessary to house people in ever more sustainable ways as pressures on the eco-system increase. This thesis positions technology and the role it plays, in achieving the move towards sustainable development, with a particular emphasis on higher density housing.
Current theories and concepts about sustainability are discussed and debated within the architectural profession on a daily basis. Literature reviews of existing theories about sustainable development form a basis for further exploration of technology and its role in delivering sustainable development. The divergence from the original concept of ecological sustainable development (ESD) generates a number of considerations for the application of sustainable development today. Such considerations include social, economic, political and environmental.
The evidence for a shift towards more sustainable development practices is offered through the critique of issues relating to population densities and current culturally driven development trends. These trends are predominantly driven by government policies. A review of the discussion paper ‘Towards Sustainable Housing in Queensland’ issued by the Queensland State Government in 2004 is reviewed and the measures offered considered.
Through the use of case studies including, Newington in Sydney, Australia; BedZED in Beddington, England; and the Greenwich Millennium Village, England, analytical studies will identify solution sets that utilise technology to promote sustainable development. Case studies enable ‘limitations’ imposed by ‘the state of technology and social organization’1 of sustainable development to be studied.
This thesis does not offer technological fixes to the sustainable development issues raised throughout the discussion. However it does define technologies role in creating better outcomes, and how these technologies could possibly be implemented to create better ecological sustainable housing developments.