How to tame your BAS: using music as reward and the role of personality in music behaviours

Mitchell, Rohani (2012). How to tame your BAS: using music as reward and the role of personality in music behaviours Honours Thesis, School of Psychology, The University of Queensland.

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Author Mitchell, Rohani
Thesis Title How to tame your BAS: using music as reward and the role of personality in music behaviours
School, Centre or Institute School of Psychology
Institution The University of Queensland
Publication date 2012-10-10
Thesis type Honours Thesis
Supervisor Natalie Loxton
Total pages 93
Language eng
Subjects 1701 Psychology
Abstract/Summary The role personality plays in music use and genre preferences has been the topic of much research. Individual differences have focused on personality traits using the Big Five, and personality explanations for music genre preferences have been mixed. Given that music is known to stimulate reward centres in the brain, the present study seeks to explain individual differences in music involvement and preferences as a function of neurobiological differences in sensitivity to reward, drawing upon Gray’s Reinforcement Sensitivity Theory (RST). It is posited that those high in reward sensitivity will be more reactive to music, and thus more likely to engage in music. Further, research in the area of RST and the original Behavioural Activation System (o-BAS) has frequently focused on the dysfunctional aspects of reward drive, such as its relationship to addictive behaviours. This thesis expands on our understanding of the role of the revised Behavioural Activation System (r-BAS) from the perspective of revised RST, wherein an individual’s level of BAS relates to positive affect and approach behaviours (such as the use of music to generate positive affect). Three hundred and seventy eight participants completed scales assessing their reward sensitivity, involvement with music, genre preferences, uses of music for emotion regulation, absorption in music and affective responses. In confirmation of the revised RST conceptualisation of r-BAS, those high in BAS were more likely to be involved in music and have stronger positive responses to music. This study shows the relationship between r-BAS and music involvement was mediated by absorption in music and positive total response to music. This research lays the foundation for exploring music as an alternative appetitive stimuli, which if correctly harnessed, could tame an oversensitive BAS.
Keyword Music as reward
Role of personality
Music behaviours

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Created: Thu, 07 Mar 2013, 11:31:07 EST by Mrs Ann Lee on behalf of School of Psychology