Stereotype threat and hazard perception among provisional license drivers

Skorich, Daniel P., Webb, Hugh, Stewart, Lisa, Kostyanaya, Maria, Cruwys, Tegan, McNeill, Kathy, Frain, Andrew J., Lim, Li, Jones, Benjamin M., Smyth, Lillian and O'Brien, Kerry J. (2013) Stereotype threat and hazard perception among provisional license drivers. Accident Analysis & Prevention, 54 39-45. doi:10.1016/j.aap.2013.02.002

Author Skorich, Daniel P.
Webb, Hugh
Stewart, Lisa
Kostyanaya, Maria
Cruwys, Tegan
McNeill, Kathy
Frain, Andrew J.
Lim, Li
Jones, Benjamin M.
Smyth, Lillian
O'Brien, Kerry J.
Title Stereotype threat and hazard perception among provisional license drivers
Journal name Accident Analysis & Prevention   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0001-4575
Publication date 2013
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/j.aap.2013.02.002
Volume 54
Start page 39
End page 45
Total pages 6
Place of publication Oxford, United Kingdom
Publisher Elsevier
Collection year 2014
Language eng
Abstract Stereotype threat refers to the negative impact a stereotype about one’s group can have on one’s performance in domains relevant to the stereotype. In the current paper, we explore whether the negative stereotype of provisional license drivers (PLDs) might produce stereotype threat in a driving-related hazard perception task. We manipulate threat by asking participants to self-identify as PLDs in a categorization condition, or by reminding PLD participants explicitly of the stereotype of PLDs in an explicit stereotype condition. Results reveal increments in hazard perception in the categorization condition, and decrements in hazard perception in the explicit stereotype condition. Mediation analysis reveals that hazard perception performance is fully mediated by increased effort in the categorization condition and by decreased effort in the explicit stereotype condition. We discuss these findings in terms of their implications for stereotype threat and its mediators, and for public policy that explicitly discriminates between PLDs and other driver groups.
Keyword Stereotype threat
Hazard perception
Provisional license drivers
Graduated driver licensing
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Non-UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Non HERDC
School of Psychology Publications
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Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 2 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
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Created: Wed, 06 Mar 2013, 12:07:18 EST by Tegan Cruwys on behalf of School of Psychology