“Was that Brad, or Angelina?”: elicitation of false memories using Hollywood gossip

Knight, Matthew (2012). “Was that Brad, or Angelina?”: elicitation of false memories using Hollywood gossip Honours Thesis, School of Psychology, The University of Queensland.

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Author Knight, Matthew
Thesis Title “Was that Brad, or Angelina?”: elicitation of false memories using Hollywood gossip
School, Centre or Institute School of Psychology
Institution The University of Queensland
Publication date 2012-10-10
Thesis type Honours Thesis
Supervisor Mike Humphreys
Total pages 54
Language eng
Subjects 1701 Psychology
Abstract/Summary False (or recovered) memories have been hotly contested in psychological literature. Contention also surrounds whether the erroneous nature of false memories occurs at the encoding or retrieval phase. In addition, memory has been shown to be influenced by a number of external factors including age, gender, and culture. However, one external factor that has had little attention is that of domain knowledge – Can an individual’s expertise in any one area affect their memory and encoding/retrieval? In experiment one, 19 participants read 18 fictitious Hollywood gossip stories. At test they were required to identify information as old or new. In experiment two, the same design was used but the retention interval increased to 24 hours. For both experiments, false alarms and wrong associations were presented as lures – whereby correct names were substituted with related or unrelated names respectively. It was predicted that subjects were more likely to incorrectly label a story as one they had read before when the substituted name was related to the correct one. Higher levels of domain specific knowledge were predicted to amplify this effect. Results showed that although participants were often aware of the relationships held by those in the stimuli, there was no effect of relationships on memory. Further to this the effect of domain knowledge had no effect on this relationship. Implications and future directions of these findings are discussed.
Keyword Elicitation of false memories

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Created: Tue, 05 Mar 2013, 10:50:02 EST by Mrs Ann Lee on behalf of School of Psychology