Commuting by car: weight gain among physically active adults

Sugiyama, Takemi, Ding, Ding and Owen, Neville (2013) Commuting by car: weight gain among physically active adults. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 44 2: 169-173. doi:10.1016/j.amepre.2012.09.063

Author Sugiyama, Takemi
Ding, Ding
Owen, Neville
Title Commuting by car: weight gain among physically active adults
Journal name American Journal of Preventive Medicine   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0749-3797
Publication date 2013-02
Year available 2013
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/j.amepre.2012.09.063
Open Access Status
Volume 44
Issue 2
Start page 169
End page 173
Total pages 5
Place of publication New York, NY., United States
Publisher Elsevier
Collection year 2014
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Prolonged sitting, including time spent sitting in cars, is detrimentally associated with health outcomes.

This study examined whether commuting by car was associated with adults' weight gain over 4 years.

Among 822 adult residents of Adelaide, Australia, weight change was ascertained from self-reported weight at baseline (2003–2004) and at follow-up (2007–2008). Using time spent for car commuting and work status at baseline, participants were categorized as non–car commuters, occasional car commuters, and daily car commuters. Multilevel linear regression (conducted in 2012) examined associations of weight change with car-commuting category, adjusting for potential confounding variables, for the whole sample, and among those who were physically inactive or active (≥150 minutes/week) in their leisure time

For the overall sample, adjusted mean weight gain (95% CI) over 4 years was 1.26 (0.64, 1.89) kg for non–car commuters; 1.53 (0.69, 2.37) kg for occasional car commuters; and 2.18 (1.44, 2.92) kg for daily car commuters (p for trend=0.090). Stratified analyses found a stronger association for those with sufficient leisure-time physical activity. For non–car commuters with sufficient leisure-time physical activity, the adjusted mean weight gain was 0.46 (−0.43, 1.35) kg, which was not significantly greater than 0.

Over 4 years, those who used cars daily for commuting tended to gain more weight than those who did not commute by car. This relationship was pronounced among those who were physically active during leisure time. Reducing sedentary time may prevent weight gain among physically active adults.
Keyword Sedentary Behavior
Risk Factor
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2014 Collection
School of Public Health Publications
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