Obstructive sleep apnea screening by integrating snore feature classes

Abeyratne, U. R., De Silva, S., Hukins, C. and Duce, B. (2013) Obstructive sleep apnea screening by integrating snore feature classes. Physiological Measurement, 34 2: 99-121. doi:10.1088/0967-3334/34/2/99


Author Abeyratne, U. R.
De Silva, S.
Hukins, C.
Duce, B.
Title Obstructive sleep apnea screening by integrating snore feature classes
Journal name Physiological Measurement   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0967-3334
1361-6579
Publication date 2013-02
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1088/0967-3334/34/2/99
Volume 34
Issue 2
Start page 99
End page 121
Total pages 23
Place of publication Bristol, United Kingdom
Publisher Institute of Physics Publishing
Collection year 2014
Language eng
Abstract Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a serious sleep disorder with high community prevalence. More than 80% of OSA suffers remain undiagnosed. Polysomnography (PSG) is the current reference standard used for OSA diagnosis. It is expensive, inconvenient and demands the extensive involvement of a sleep technologist. At present, a low cost, unattended, convenient OSA screening technique is an urgent requirement. Snoring is always almost associated with OSA and is one of the earliest nocturnal symptoms. With the onset of sleep, the upper airway undergoes both functional and structural changes, leading to spatially and temporally distributed sites conducive to snore sound (SS) generation. The goal of this paper is to investigate the possibility of developing a snore based multi-feature class OSA screening tool by integrating snore features that capture functional, structural, and spatio-temporal dependences of SS. In this paper, we focused our attention to the features in voiced parts of a snore, where quasi-repetitive packets of energy are visible. Individual snore feature classes were then optimized using logistic regression for optimum OSA diagnostic performance. Consequently, all feature classes were integrated and optimized to obtain optimum OSA classification sensitivity and specificity. We also augmented snore features with neck circumference, which is a one-time measurement readily available at no extra cost. The performance of the proposed method was evaluated using snore recordings from 86 subjects (51 males and 35 females). Data from each subject consisted of 6-8 h long sound recordings, made concurrently with routine PSG in a clinical sleep laboratory. Clinical diagnosis supported by standard PSG was used as the reference diagnosis to compare our results against. Our proposed techniques resulted in a sensitivity of 93±9% with specificity 93±9% for females and sensitivity of 92±6% with specificity 93±7% for males at an AHI decision threshold of 15 events/h. These results indicate that our method holds the potential as a tool for population screening of OSA in an unattended environment.
Keyword Obstructive sleep apnea
Community screening
Snoring
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2014 Collection
School of Information Technology and Electrical Engineering Publications
 
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