Expressed emotion in caregiving environments and non-suicidal self-injury

Hack, Jessica (2012). Expressed emotion in caregiving environments and non-suicidal self-injury Honours Thesis, School of Psychology, The University of Queensland.

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Author Hack, Jessica
Thesis Title Expressed emotion in caregiving environments and non-suicidal self-injury
School, Centre or Institute School of Psychology
Institution The University of Queensland
Publication date 2012-10-10
Thesis type Honours Thesis
Supervisor Graham Martin
Total pages 82
Language eng
Subjects 1701 Psychology
Abstract/Summary Self-injury has become one the most perplexing clinical problems facing mental health professionals worldwide. This study examined the relationship between expressed emotion (EE) and non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) in a broad adult sample. Additionally, it aimed to identify individual risk factors that contribute to the development and maintenance of NSSI, including emotion dysregulation, shame, depression, anxiety and stress. A total of 264 adults recruited from the community completed an anonymous online questionnaire containing measures of self-injurious behaviour, perceived expressed emotion and related constructs. Differences were investigated between individuals who were currently engaging in self-injurious acts, those who had previously self-injured, and those who had no history of the behaviour. Statistical analyses revealed significant differences between the three groups on EE and all individual factors. In addition, further analyses demonstrated that psychological distress, shame and emotional involvement (a component of EE) were able to predict self-injury group membership. These findings facilitate a more comprehensive understanding of self-injury engagement and have important treatment implications for utilising key family members in prevention and intervention efforts.
Keyword Expressed emotion
Caregiving environments
Non-suicidal self-injury

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Created: Wed, 27 Feb 2013, 11:42:45 EST by Mrs Ann Lee on behalf of School of Psychology