Mangareva fishing strategies in regional context: an analysis of fish bones from five sites excavated in 1959

Weisler, Marshall I. and Green, Roger C. (2013) Mangareva fishing strategies in regional context: an analysis of fish bones from five sites excavated in 1959. Journal of Pacific Archaeology, 4 1: 73-89.

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Name Description MIMEType Size Downloads
Author Weisler, Marshall I.
Green, Roger C.
Title Mangareva fishing strategies in regional context: an analysis of fish bones from five sites excavated in 1959
Journal name Journal of Pacific Archaeology
ISSN 1179-4704
1179-4712
Publication date 2013
Sub-type Article (original research)
Volume 4
Issue 1
Start page 73
End page 89
Total pages 17
Place of publication Dunedin, New Zealand
Publisher New Zealand Archaeological Association
Collection year 2014
Language eng
Formatted abstract
In 1959, Roger Green conducted pioneering excavations in Mangareva (or Gambier Islands), French Polynesia, at five rockshelters on three islands (Kamaka, Aukena and Mangareva) totalling ~86 m2 (~99 m3). We report the analysis of 11,340 fish bones yielding 1738 number of identified specimens (NISP) and 421 minimal numbers of individual fish (MNI) dominated by inshore species including parrotfishes (Scaridae), groupers and rockcods (Serranidae), wrasses (Labridae) and surgeonfishes (Acanthuridae). Some 13 fish families (and Elasmobranchii or sharks and rays) were identified. Comparisons with 16 other Oceanic fish bone studies, which report an average of 24 ± 4 families, suggests that larger excavated samples in Mangareva using fine sieving should document additional fish families. Specific comparisons with fish bone assemblages from Reao Atoll, Tuamotus and the makatea island of Henderson (Pitcairn Group) – all within ~500 km of Mangareva – demonstrates the unique composition of the Mangareva archaeo-fauna which is dominated by inshore fish families that could have been captured by a range of hook techniques and, secondarily, netting. The lower pharyngeals of parrotfish were measured to examine spatial (between sites) and temporal changes in fish size. A decrease in fish bone density in one rockshelter tentatively suggests that fishing diminished in later prehistory.
Keyword Polynesia
Mangareva
Marine subsistence
Faunal analysis
Fish bone
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2014 Collection
School of Social Science Publications
 
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Created: Tue, 26 Feb 2013, 15:32:54 EST by Debbie Lim on behalf of School of Social Science