Prevalence and risk factors associated with sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) in Sikkim

Rajapure, Vikram, Tirwa, Ranjan, Poudyal, Hemant and Thakur, Nagendra (2013) Prevalence and risk factors associated with sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) in Sikkim. Journal of Community Health, 38 1: 156-162. doi:10.1007/s10900-012-9596-2

Author Rajapure, Vikram
Tirwa, Ranjan
Poudyal, Hemant
Thakur, Nagendra
Title Prevalence and risk factors associated with sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) in Sikkim
Journal name Journal of Community Health   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0094-5145
Publication date 2013-02
Year available 2012
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1007/s10900-012-9596-2
Volume 38
Issue 1
Start page 156
End page 162
Total pages 7
Place of publication New York, NY, United States
Publisher Springer
Collection year 2013
Language eng
Abstract The population of Sikkim is a unique blend of multi-tribal and metropolitan culture. However, till date, no data regarding prevalence of sexually transmitted diseases (henceforth abbreviated as STDs) among this population is available and hence requires attention. Hence the objective is to determine the prevalence of STDs in Sikkim and to describe associated risk factors. A cross-sectional study involving 'Questionnaire-based anonymous feedback system' was followed to collect data from 2,000 individuals across the society. The four most common STDs, gonorrhea, syphilis, chlamydia and HIV, were considered for the study. Total 69 (3.6 %) cases of STDs were found in 1,918 individuals was affected by at least one of the STDs, out of which 43 were males and 26 were females. Cases of gonorrhea, syphilis, chlamydiasis and HIV were 25, 22, 4 and 18 respectively. Out of total 69 cases of STDs, 20 individuals were also suffering from some kind of hepatitis. Addictions like alcoholism, smoking and drugs were also found in significant number, with 1,019 (>50 %) individuals with at least one of these addictions. Relative risk analysis indicates that gender-wise females are more vulnerable to STDs than males. The number of partners, addictions, especially alcohol and drug abuse, also contribute to STD cases. STDs act as a significant risk factor in transmitting some of the types of hepatitis. In such cases, females are more vulnerable than males. The results suggest that new community health programs are essential for both, HIV and non-HIV STDs in Sikkim.
Keyword Sikkim
Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs)
Risk factors
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ
Additional Notes Published online: 19 July 2012.

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2013 Collection
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