Changes in regional activity of the psoas major and quadratus lumborum with voluntary trunk and hip tasks and different spinal curvatures in sitting

Park, Rachel J., Tsao, Henry, Claus, Andrew, Cresswell, Andrew G. and Hodges, Paul W. (2013) Changes in regional activity of the psoas major and quadratus lumborum with voluntary trunk and hip tasks and different spinal curvatures in sitting. Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy, 43 2: 74-82. doi:10.2519/jospt.2013.4292


Author Park, Rachel J.
Tsao, Henry
Claus, Andrew
Cresswell, Andrew G.
Hodges, Paul W.
Title Changes in regional activity of the psoas major and quadratus lumborum with voluntary trunk and hip tasks and different spinal curvatures in sitting
Journal name Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0190-6011
1938-1344
Publication date 2013-02-01
Year available 2012
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.2519/jospt.2013.4292
Volume 43
Issue 2
Start page 74
End page 82
Total pages 9
Place of publication Alexandria, VA, United States
Publisher American Physical Therapy Association
Collection year 2013
Language eng
Formatted abstract
STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional controlled laboratory study.
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the function of discrete regions of psoas major (PM) and quadratus lumborum (QL) with changes in spinal curvature and hip position.
BACKGROUND: Anatomically discrete regions of PM and QL may have differential function on the lumbar spine, based on anatomical and biomechanical differences in their moment arms between fascicles within each muscle.
METHODS: Fine-wire electrodes were inserted with ultrasound guidance into PM fascicles arising from the transverse process (PM-t) and vertebral body (PM-v) and anterior (QL-a) and posterior (QL-p) layers of QL. Recordings were made on 9 healthy participants, who performed 7 tasks with maximal voluntary efforts and adopted 3 sitting postures that involved different spinal curvatures and hip angles.
RESULTS: Activity of PM-t was greater during trunk extension than flexion, whereas activity of PM-v was greater during hip flexion than trunk efforts. Activity of QL-p was greater during trunk extension and lateral flexion, whereas QL-a showed greater activity during lateral flexion. During sitting tasks, PM-t was more active when sitting with a short lordosis than a flat (less extended) lumbar spine posture, whereas PM-v was similarly active in both sitting postures.
CONCLUSION: Activity of PM-t was more affected by changes in position of the lumbar spine than the hip, whereas PM-v was more actively involved in the movement of the hip rather than that of the lumbar spine. Moreover, from its anatomy, PM-t has a combined potential to extend/lordose the lumbar spine and flex the hip, at least in a flexed-hip position.
Keyword Fine-wire electromyography
Lumbar spine
Postural control
Respiration
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ
Additional Notes Epub 5 September 2012

 
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