Nari in the Levant: historical and etymological aspects of a specific calcrete formation

Itkin, Danny, Geva-Kleinberger, Aharon, Yaalon, Dan H., Shaanan, Uri and Goldfus, Haim (2012) Nari in the Levant: historical and etymological aspects of a specific calcrete formation. Earth Sciences History, 31 2: 210-228.

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Author Itkin, Danny
Geva-Kleinberger, Aharon
Yaalon, Dan H.
Shaanan, Uri
Goldfus, Haim
Title Nari in the Levant: historical and etymological aspects of a specific calcrete formation
Journal name Earth Sciences History   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0736-623X
Publication date 2012-01
Sub-type Article (original research)
Volume 31
Issue 2
Start page 210
End page 228
Total pages 19
Place of publication Mahwah, NJ, United States
Publisher History of Earth Sciences Society
Collection year 2013
Language eng
Abstract The colloquial Arabic term nari has become, since the late 1890s, the most commonly used term for describing a specific type of calcrete formation in the Levant. While it is reasonable to expect that such a long period of time would be sufficient for the establishment of a coherent use of the term, a combination of extensive literature reviews with field observations prove otherwise. A study of the geological contexts and etymology of the term nari and a review of literature back as far as the second half of the nineteenth century reveal a great lack of consistency among scientists' use of the term. Correlating the terminological evolution of nari with present-day understanding of its formation mechanisms, its stratigraphic associations and contemporary uses of the term among scientists and local Arabs, allows us to propose a clear and consistent definition of nari. Our suggested definition recognizes it as a distinct surficial lithology. We show that the formation of nari in the Levant started in a regional calcretisation event in the late Pliocene to mid Pleistocene and is ongoing in the Levant nowadays.
Keyword Southern Turkey
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: School of Earth Sciences Publications
Official 2013 Collection
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