Direct synthesis and characterization of highly ordered cobalt substituted KIT-5 with 3D nanocages for cyclohexene epoxidation

Anand, Chokkalingam, Srinivasu, Pavuluri, Mane, Gurudas P., Talapaneni, Siddulu N., Benzigar, Mercy R., Priya, Subramaniam Vishnu, Al-deyab, Salem S., Sugi, Yoshihiro and Vinu, Ajayan (2013) Direct synthesis and characterization of highly ordered cobalt substituted KIT-5 with 3D nanocages for cyclohexene epoxidation. Microporous and Mesoporous Materials, 167 146-154. doi:10.1016/j.micromeso.2012.08.027

Author Anand, Chokkalingam
Srinivasu, Pavuluri
Mane, Gurudas P.
Talapaneni, Siddulu N.
Benzigar, Mercy R.
Priya, Subramaniam Vishnu
Al-deyab, Salem S.
Sugi, Yoshihiro
Vinu, Ajayan
Title Direct synthesis and characterization of highly ordered cobalt substituted KIT-5 with 3D nanocages for cyclohexene epoxidation
Journal name Microporous and Mesoporous Materials   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1387-1811
Publication date 2013-02
Year available 2012
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/j.micromeso.2012.08.027
Volume 167
Start page 146
End page 154
Total pages 9
Place of publication Amsterdam, Netherlands
Publisher Elsevier
Collection year 2013
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Highly ordered cobalt incorporated KIT-5 silica (Co-KIT-5) with different Co contents and a well-ordered three-dimensional cage type porous structure were prepared for the first time by using Pluronic F127 as structure directing agent at different molar water to hydrochloric acid (nH2O/nHCl) ratio. The amount of Co content in the silica framework of KIT-5 can be finely controlled with a simple adjustment of the nH2O/nHCl ratio as it controls the concentration of the H+ ions in the synthesis gel. It has been found that the nH2O/nHCl ratio of 463 is the best condition to obtain Co-KIT-5 with a high Co content. The obtained materials were characterized by various techniques such as powder X-ray diffraction (XRD), N2 adsorption studies, field emission high resolution scanning electron microscopy (FE-HRSEM), high resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM), ultraviolet-visible diffused reflectance (UV-Vis DRS), electron spin resonance (ESR) and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). Characterization results revealed that Co atom can be introduced in the silica framework without affecting the structural order and the textural parameters of the samples. ESR, XPS and UV-Vis DR spectra confirmed that the Co atoms are indeed occupy the tetrahedral coordination with the silica framework of KIT-5. The catalytic performance of Co-KIT-5 with different Co contents in the cyclohexene epoxidation has been investigated using TBHP/H2O 2 as oxidants and acetonitrile as a solvent. Co-KIT-5 exhibited a high catalytic performance with TBHP as oxidant and remained inactive when H2O2 was used. The effect of various reaction parameters such as reaction time, reaction temperature, and reactant feed ratio and oxidant, affecting the catalytic activity of Co-KIT-5 has also been studied. Among the catalysts studied, Co-KIT-5-0.90 was found to be the best catalyst, affording a high conversion of cyclohexene. In addition, the catalyst was found to be highly stable and can be reused several times without affecting its catalytic activity under the optimized reaction conditions.
Keyword Heterogeneous catalysis
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ
Additional Notes Available online: 5 September 2012.

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2013 Collection
Australian Institute for Bioengineering and Nanotechnology Publications
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