Laypersons' expectations of recovery and beliefs about whiplash injury: a cross-cultural comparison between Australians and Singaporeans

Ng, T. S., Bostick, G., Pedler, A., Buchbinder, R., Vicenzino, B. and Sterling, M. (2013) Laypersons' expectations of recovery and beliefs about whiplash injury: a cross-cultural comparison between Australians and Singaporeans. European Journal of Pain, 17 8: 1234-1242. doi:10.1002/j.1532-2149.2012.00265.x


Author Ng, T. S.
Bostick, G.
Pedler, A.
Buchbinder, R.
Vicenzino, B.
Sterling, M.
Title Laypersons' expectations of recovery and beliefs about whiplash injury: a cross-cultural comparison between Australians and Singaporeans
Journal name European Journal of Pain   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1090-3801
1532-2149
Publication date 2013-09
Year available 2012
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1002/j.1532-2149.2012.00265.x
Volume 17
Issue 8
Start page 1234
End page 1242
Total pages 9
Place of publication Chichester, West Sussex, United Kingdom
Publisher John Wiley & Sons
Collection year 2013
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Background: Beliefs and expectations are thought to influence outcome following whiplash injury. Studies have proposed a link between rates of chronic whiplash and laypersons’ expectations about outcome following a motor vehicle accident. The prevalence of chronic whiplash is relatively high in Australia and apparently low in Singapore. This study’s objectives were to compare laypersons’ beliefs and expectations of recovery of whiplash injury in Brisbane and Singapore and to assess the effect of demographic factors on whiplash beliefs.

Methods: A cross-sectional study using online surveys was conducted on adult Internet users in Brisbane (Australia) and Singapore. The 14-item whiplash beliefs questionnaire (WBQ) was used to evaluate whiplash beliefs. Two additional items assessed expectations of recovery. Individual items of WBQ, WBQ score and expectations of recovery were analysed. Stratified analysis was performed to adjust for sampling bias due to quota sampling.

Results: A total of 402 participants from Singapore and 411 participants from Brisbane, Australia, completed the survey. While participants from Singapore demonstrated slightly more negative whiplash beliefs than participants from Brisbane [t(811) = -5.72; p < 0.0001], participants from both samples were similar in their expectations of quick recovery and return to normal activities following whiplash injury. Only gender had a significant effect on whiplash beliefs [estimated marginal means of WBQ score for men = 21.5; standard error (SE) = 0.20; women = 22.5; SE = 0.20; F(1,810) = 11.2; p = 0.001].

Conclusions: Laypersons’ expectations of recovery and beliefs about whiplash injury in Brisbane and Singapore were generally similar and mostly positive. Our results demonstrate that cultural differences reflected by laypersons’ beliefs may not reflect the differences in prevalence of chronic whiplash between countries.
Keyword Population-based survey
Back-pain
Neck pain
Disorders
Prognosis
Campaign
Illness
Canada
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ
Additional Notes Published online 17 December 2012.

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2013 Collection
School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences Publications
School of Medicine Publications
 
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Created: Thu, 21 Feb 2013, 16:55:44 EST by Chesne McGrath on behalf of Physiotherapy