The role of object ownership in modifying attentional shifts

Chant, Ashleigh (2012). The role of object ownership in modifying attentional shifts Honours Thesis, School of Psychology, The University of Queensland.

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Author Chant, Ashleigh
Thesis Title The role of object ownership in modifying attentional shifts
School, Centre or Institute School of Psychology
Institution The University of Queensland
Publication date 2012-10-10
Thesis type Honours Thesis
Supervisor Ada Kritikos
Total pages 63
Language eng
Subjects 1701 Psychology
Abstract/Summary The aim of the current set of experiments was to investigate the role of property ownership in modifying attentional shifts. Specifically, I was interested in how Mobile Smartphones, presented proximally or distally to targets in the visual field, change our ability to process and discriminate between briefly presented items of information. In Experiment 1 I positioned a Smartphone belonging to either the Experimenter, Participant or a Non-Phone, to the left or right of a computer monitor, within the visual space. A Posner Cueing task was used, in which participants discriminated between two target stimuli by making a button press response. The results of Experiment 1 showed no difference in reaction times for the functional phones (Participant’s or Experimenter’s). Two proposed reasons for having a nonsignificant ownership effect in Experiment 1 were suggested. Firstly, the ownership status of the Smartphones may not have been made prominent enough. Secondly, due to the similarities in the functionality and physical features of the Smartphones, object affordance effects could have been interacting with the ownership status of the phones. Experiment 2 was designed to amplify the putative internal representation of ownership by having participants type a friend’s name into either the Experimenter’s phone or their own phone, between blocks of the computer-based task. No differential effects were found between the Experimenter and Participant conditions. As such, I determined that affordances, accruing to the functional phones may have been interacting with their ownership status.
Keyword Role of object ownership
Modifying attentional shifts

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Created: Thu, 21 Feb 2013, 15:44:11 EST by Mrs Ann Lee on behalf of School of Psychology