The purpose of this thesis is to identify and measure various factors that have affected antidumping initiations by the US and the EU after the completion of Uruguay Round of trade negotiations in 1994. Based on the literature, several macroeconomic variables have been identified and a model is developed to see how the variables affect anti-dumping initiations of the US and the EU.
The findings from analysis provide some initial insights into how various macroeconomic factors affect the petitioning behaviour that leads to imposition of anti-dumping duties. As expected, for the US, decreasing tariff and increased unemployment rate increases the likelihood of anti-dumping initiations. In case of the EU increasing unemployment rate increases the likelihood of tariff. Other variables tend to act either in opposite of what is expected or ambiguously. The findings from the case study conducted in the thesis supports the result of econometric analysis conducted in the thesis: fall in import tariff rate and increased unemployment increase the likelihood of anti-dumping initiations.
An important implication is that there is substantial political economy pressure from domestic industries for anti-dumping initiations. More importantly, filing anti-dumping petition and its consequent are found to be fi1m-level activities. Therefore, future studies based on firm level data would provide more insightful information regarding anti-dumping.