Are road traffic crash fatality rates converging among OECD countries?

Nghiem, Hong Son, Connelly, Luke B. and Gargett, Susan (2013) Are road traffic crash fatality rates converging among OECD countries?. Accident Analysis and Prevention, 52 162-170. doi:10.1016/j.aap.2012.12.011


Author Nghiem, Hong Son
Connelly, Luke B.
Gargett, Susan
Title Are road traffic crash fatality rates converging among OECD countries?
Journal name Accident Analysis and Prevention   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0001-4575
1879-2057
Publication date 2013-03-28
Year available 2012
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/j.aap.2012.12.011
Volume 52
Start page 162
End page 170
Total pages 9
Place of publication Oxford, United Kingdom
Publisher Elsevier
Collection year 2014
Language eng
Abstract This article examines the trends of road traffic crash (RTC) fatality rates in OECD countries over the past four decades. Based on recent developments in the economic growth literature we propose and test the hypothesis that RTC fatality rates initially increase with economic development, peak, and then gradually decrease. The theory predicts that, as a result, the RTC fatality rates of different countries will tend to converge over time. Our results for the period 1961-2007 reveal no evidence of the convergence of RTC fatality rates across the OECD as a whole for that time period. Nevertheless, there is evidence of convergence among sub-groups of countries. This evidence may assist policymakers as an additional way of benchmarking their country's performance against that of its peers and to identify the next-closest peer in country sub-groups with superior road safety performance.
Keyword Road traffic crash (RTC)
OECD countries
Economic development
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2014 Collection
School of Economics Publications
School of Medicine Publications
 
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Created: Mon, 18 Feb 2013, 11:31:13 EST by Chesne McGrath on behalf of School of Economics