Child maltreatment and adolescent mental health problems in a large birth cohort

Mills, Ryan, Scott, James, Alati, Rosa, O'Callaghan, Michael, Najman, Jake M. and Strathearn, Lane (2013) Child maltreatment and adolescent mental health problems in a large birth cohort. Child Abuse and Neglect, 37 5: 292-302. doi:10.1016/j.chiabu.2012.11.008


Author Mills, Ryan
Scott, James
Alati, Rosa
O'Callaghan, Michael
Najman, Jake M.
Strathearn, Lane
Title Child maltreatment and adolescent mental health problems in a large birth cohort
Journal name Child Abuse and Neglect   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0145-2134
1873-7757
Publication date 2013-05
Year available 2012
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/j.chiabu.2012.11.008
Volume 37
Issue 5
Start page 292
End page 302
Total pages 11
Place of publication Kidlington, Oxford, United Kingdom
Publisher Pergamon
Collection year 2013
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Objective: To examine whether notified child maltreatment is associated with adverse psychological outcomes in adolescence, and whether differing patterns of psychological outcome are seen depending on the type of maltreatment.

Methods: The participants were 7,223 mother and child pairs enrolled in a population-based birth cohort study in Brisbane, Australia. Exposure to suspected child maltreatment was measured by linkage with state child protection agency data. The primary outcomes were the internalizing and externalizing scales of the Youth Self Report (YSR) at approximately 14 years of age.

Results: The YSR was completed by 5,172 subjects (71.6%), with increased attrition of cases of notified maltreatment. After adjustment for potential confounders, notified maltreatment was significantly associated with both internalizing behavior and externalizing behavior at 14. When evaluated as non-exclusive categories of maltreatment, physical abuse, neglect, and emotional abuse were each significantly associated with both internalizing and externalizing behavior after adjustment. When evaluated using an expanded hierarchical scheme that included combinations of multi-type maltreatment, the following groups had significantly higher internalizing behavior after adjustment: emotional abuse (with or without neglect), and multi-type maltreatment including physical (but not sexual) abuse with neglect and/or emotional abuse. The following groups were associated with externalizing behavior after adjustment: emotional abuse (with or without neglect), and multi-type maltreatment including physical abuse (with neglect and/or emotional abuse), or sexual abuse (with neglect and/or emotional abuse, and/or physical abuse).

Conclusion: This study suggests that child neglect and emotional abuse have serious adverse effects on adolescent mental health and warrant the attention given to other forms of child maltreatment. Additionally, it confirms that young people who are notified for more than one type of maltreatment are at particular risk of adolescent mental health problems.
Keyword Adolescent
Behavior
Birth cohort
Child abuse
Child neglect
Emotional abuse
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

 
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Created: Sun, 17 Feb 2013, 12:45:47 EST by James Scott on behalf of Psychiatry - Royal Brisbane and Women's Hospital