Background: One of the important components of life-saving emergency obstetric care is cesarean section delivery. It is generally considered that caesarean section deliveries are associated with increased out-of-pocket spending on medical care, thereby depleting household resources that might otherwise have been spent on consumption goods.
Objective: The objective of the study is to determine the trend and costs for caesarean delivery in Bangladesh and to identify the source of health care funding and coping strategies related to caesarean section delivery.
Methods: Data from recent survey conducted in Bangladesh has been analyzed to see the trend of caesarean section delivery in Bangladesh. The study was then set up i) to critically review the published literature related to consumer cost of caesarean section delivery in Bangladesh and ii) to extract data from these literature to calculate the cost of caesarean section delivery in the country.
Result: The caesarean section delivery increased more than six fold during last decade in Bangladesh. Most of the retrieved studies did not disaggregate the costing component. The out of pocket expenditure related to caesarean section delivery vary considerably across hospital. Most of the household used their income and savings to incur this expenditure.
Conclusion: Bangladesh has made considerable progress in achieving MDG. Use of caesarean section delivery did not increase much among the poor, rural and uneducated women. The cost of caesarean section delivery is huge and the final bill is difficult to pay by the family initially.