Physical characteristics of the indoor environment that affect health and wellbeing in health care facilities: a review

Salonen, Heidi, Lahtinen, Marjaana, Lappalainen, Sanna, Nevala, Nina, Knibbs, Luke D., Morawska, Lidia and Reijula, Kari (2013) Physical characteristics of the indoor environment that affect health and wellbeing in health care facilities: a review. Intelligent Buildings International, 5 1: 3-25. doi:10.1080/17508975.2013.764838


Author Salonen, Heidi
Lahtinen, Marjaana
Lappalainen, Sanna
Nevala, Nina
Knibbs, Luke D.
Morawska, Lidia
Reijula, Kari
Title Physical characteristics of the indoor environment that affect health and wellbeing in health care facilities: a review
Journal name Intelligent Buildings International   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1750-8975
1756-6932
Publication date 2013
Sub-type Critical review of research, literature review, critical commentary
DOI 10.1080/17508975.2013.764838
Volume 5
Issue 1
Start page 3
End page 25
Total pages 23
Place of publication London, United Kingdom
Publisher Earthscan
Collection year 2014
Language eng
Abstract Understanding the physical characteristics of the indoor environment that affect human health and wellbeing is the key requirement underpinning the beneficial design of a healthcare facility (HCF). We reviewed and summarized physical factors of the indoor environment reported to affect human health and wellbeing in HCFs. Altogether, 214 publications were selected for this review. According to the literature, there is strong scientific evidence to show that following indoor environmental factors have beneficial effects for all user groups when appropriately designed or implemented: the acoustic environment, ventilation and air conditioning systems, the thermal environment, the visual environment (e.g. lighting, and views of nature), ergonomic conditions and furniture. In contrast, the effect of special layouts and room type and floor coverings may be beneficial for one group and detrimental for another. Some of the physical factors may, in themselves, directly promote or hinder health and wellbeing, but the factors can also have numerous indirect impacts by influencing the behaviour, actions and interactions of patients, their families and the staff members. The findings of this research enable a good understanding of the different physical factors of the indoor environment on health and wellbeing and provide a practical resource for those responsible for the design and operation of the facilities as well as researchers investigating these factors. However, more studies are needed in order to inform the design of optimally beneficial indoor environments in HCFs for all user groups.
Keyword Health
Healthcare facility
Patient
Physical environment
Staff
Wellbeing
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Critical review of research, literature review, critical commentary
Collections: Official 2014 Collection
School of Public Health Publications
 
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Created: Thu, 14 Feb 2013, 13:58:32 EST by Luke Knibbs on behalf of School of Public Health