Petrogenetic evaluation of the Laohutai basalts from North China Craton: melting of a two-component source during lithospheric thinning in the late Cretaceous-early Cenozoic

Kuang, Y. S., Wei, X., Hong, L. B., Ma, J. L., Pang, C. J., Zhong, Y. T., Zhao, J-X and Xu, Y-G (2012) Petrogenetic evaluation of the Laohutai basalts from North China Craton: melting of a two-component source during lithospheric thinning in the late Cretaceous-early Cenozoic. Lithos, 154 68-82. doi:10.1016/j.lithos.2012.06.027


Author Kuang, Y. S.
Wei, X.
Hong, L. B.
Ma, J. L.
Pang, C. J.
Zhong, Y. T.
Zhao, J-X
Xu, Y-G
Title Petrogenetic evaluation of the Laohutai basalts from North China Craton: melting of a two-component source during lithospheric thinning in the late Cretaceous-early Cenozoic
Journal name Lithos   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0024-4937
1872-6143
Publication date 2012-12
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/j.lithos.2012.06.027
Volume 154
Start page 68
End page 82
Total pages 15
Place of publication Amsterdam, Netherlands
Publisher Elsevier
Collection year 2013
Language eng
Formatted abstract
While the consensus has been reached as to the lithospheric thinning beneath the North China Craton, the timing of this event remains controversial. Whether it took place during the Early Cretaceous or it extended over a period from late Triassic to early Cenozoic is a matter of hot debate. With aims of contributing to this issue, we performed geochronological and geochemical analyses on basalts of the Laohutai Formation which were emplaced in the Fushun basin at 60-70Ma. The Laohutai Formation consists of Ne- or Hy-normative alkali basalts in the lower part and Q-normative tholeiitic basalts in the upper part. The tholeiites are characterized by positive Eu and Sr anomalies and show higher ε Nd(t) (3.2-5.3) than the co-existing alkali basalts (1.8-2.4), opposite to the common observation made in other occurrences. Depletion of highly incompatible elements, positive NbTa and negative Pb anomalies in the Laohutai basalts are indicative of oceanic crustal components (likely in form of pyroxenite/eclogite) in their magma source. Since Eu and Sr anomalies are not related to magmatic differentiation, the negative correlation between 87Sr/ 86Sr i and Eu/Eu* suggests that the melting process and sampling of source heterogeneity are intrinsically related. We propose a differential melting of a two-component source in association with lithospheric thinning to account for the temporal variation of the Laohutai basalts. Specifically, earlier alkali basalts were formed by low degree of melting of a source at a greater depth, modified by melts derived from a hydrothermally altered, upper oceanic crust; whereas the later tholeiitic basalts were generated by high degree of melting of a gabbroic lower oceanic crust and minor peridotite at a shallower depth. When the lithospheric lid effect is applied, this petrogenetic model suggests the late Cretaceous-early Cenozoic as an important period of lithospheric thinning, therefore leaning support to the idea of the protracted destruction process beneath the North China Craton.
Keyword Ar-Ar dating
Petrology and geochemistry
Laohutai basalts
Recycled oceanic crust
Lithospheric thinning
North China craton
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ
Additional Notes Available online: 2 July 2012.

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: School of Earth Sciences Publications
Official 2013 Collection
 
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