The use of sentinel herds for monitoring the distribution of endemic diseases of livestock in Australia

St. George, T. D. (1992). The use of sentinel herds for monitoring the distribution of endemic diseases of livestock in Australia. In: H. George Osborne, Vet update '92, Brisbane, Australia, (393-414). 6 - 10 July 1992.

Author St. George, T. D.
Title of paper The use of sentinel herds for monitoring the distribution of endemic diseases of livestock in Australia
Conference name Vet update '92
Conference location Brisbane, Australia
Conference dates 6 - 10 July 1992
Place of Publication St Lucia, QLD, Australia
Publisher The University of Queensland, Continuing Professional Education
Publication Year 1992
Sub-type Fully published paper
ISBN 9780867764727
Editor H. George Osborne
Start page 393
End page 414
Total pages 22
Language eng
Formatted Abstract/Summary
Sentinel herds of cattle have been used in Australia to monitor endemic virus infections of cattle since 1969. Infection was detected by  the isolation of viruses from blood samples and by the seroconversion to viral antigens between successive samplings. While the technique has been exploited most extensively for arboviruses, it has been used for determining times of infection of bovine viral diarrhoea, infectious bovinerhinotracheitis and parainfiuenza3 viruses. At times, this virus activity correlated with clinical disease but more often the infection was silent. The number of herds used increased from 7 in 1969 to a peak of 68 in 1978 in Australia and Papua New Guinea as a cooperative effort between CSIRO, state Departments of Agriculture or Primary Industries and stock owners. Then umber of sentinel herds declined in the 1980s, but a sentinel system,has been re-established by state departments to total 59 herds in 1991. The sentinel herd technique developed in Australia has been used for similar purposes in Indonesia, Malaysia, China, USA, Canada, Central America and the Caribbean countries.
Q-Index Code E1

Document type: Conference Paper
Collection: Toby Dix St George Publications
 
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