Eco-cities in Japan: past and future

Low, Morris (2013) Eco-cities in Japan: past and future. Journal of Urban Technology, 20 1: 7-22. doi:10.1080/10630732.2012.735107

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Author Low, Morris
Title Eco-cities in Japan: past and future
Journal name Journal of Urban Technology   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1063-0732
Publication date 2013-01-31
Year available 2013
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1080/10630732.2012.735107
Open Access Status
Volume 20
Issue 1
Start page 7
End page 22
Total pages 16
Place of publication Abingdon, Oxon, United Kingdom
Publisher Routledge
Collection year 2014
Language eng
Abstract This paper outlines the emergence of eco-cities in Japan from a much needed historical perspective. Since Japan's rapid industrialization in the late nineteenth century, there has been an emphasis on economic growth at all costs. Despite the introduction of the concept of the Garden City in Japan in the early twentieth century, industrialization continued unabated. After a disastrous World War II, the nation rebuilt and enjoyed rapid economic growth in the 1950s and 1960s. Japan is still coming to terms with the cost of that economic growth. The paper examines three cities: Minamata, Kitakyūshū, and Kawasaki. Minamata has transformed itself from being a polluted city to a green tourism destination. The city of Kitakyūshū embraced an eco-town strategy in 1997 to promote a structural shift away from heavy industries to green industries. That year, Kawasaki (close to the Tokyo Metropolitan area), too, was designated an eco-town and Minamata received the same title in 2001. This paper identifies key features of eco-cities/eco-towns in Japan, the importance of retrofitting, and examines the roles of citizens, the government, and the private sector. What is surprising is the international orientation of Japanese eco-cities. These cities represent not only Japan's future, but also its efforts to deal with its industrial past.
Keyword Eco-Cities
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2014 Collection
School of Historical and Philosophical Inquiry
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Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 5 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
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Created: Fri, 01 Feb 2013, 09:07:07 EST by Lucy O'Brien on behalf of School of Historical and Philosophical Inquiry