Relationships between Dietary Intake and Body Composition according to Gross Motor Functional Ability in Preschool-Aged Children with Cerebral Palsy

Walker, Jacqueline L., Bell, Kristie L., Stevenson, Richard D., Weir, Kelly A., Boyd, Roslyn N. and Davies, Peter S. W. (2012) Relationships between Dietary Intake and Body Composition according to Gross Motor Functional Ability in Preschool-Aged Children with Cerebral Palsy. Annals of Nutrition and Metabolism, 61 4: 349-357. doi:10.1159/000342557


Author Walker, Jacqueline L.
Bell, Kristie L.
Stevenson, Richard D.
Weir, Kelly A.
Boyd, Roslyn N.
Davies, Peter S. W.
Title Relationships between Dietary Intake and Body Composition according to Gross Motor Functional Ability in Preschool-Aged Children with Cerebral Palsy
Journal name Annals of Nutrition and Metabolism   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0250-6807
1421-9697
Publication date 2012-01
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1159/000342557
Volume 61
Issue 4
Start page 349
End page 357
Total pages 9
Place of publication Basel, Switzerland
Publisher S. Karger
Collection year 2013
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Background/Aims: We aimed to determine the relationships between energy intake, macronutrient intake and body composition in preschool-aged children with cerebral palsy (CP) according to gross motor functional ability in comparison with typically developing children (TDC).
Methods: Seventy-three children with CP (70% male) of all functional abilities and 16 TDC (63% male) aged 2.8 8 0.9 years participated in this study. Dietary intake was measured via a validated 3-day weighed food record. Body composition was determined via isotope dilution techniques.
Results: There was a significant relationship between energy intake and fatfree mass index, which was stronger in TDC compared to children with CP. There were no significant correlations between other dietary intake and body composition variables, despite differences in body composition as ambulatory status declined. Non-ambulant, tube-fed children had significantly lower protein intakes compared to orally fed children. No other differences in macronutrient intake between children with CP and TDC were apparent.
Conclusions: Results suggest that relationships between dietary intake and body composition are not evident in this population, but develop over time. Physical activity levels may have a greater impact on body composition at this age. Longitudinal  research is required to examine these factors.
Keyword Body composition
Cerebral palsy
Children
Dietary intake
Functional ability
Preschool-aged children
Doubly Labeled Water
Energy-Expenditure
Nutritional-Status
Physical-Activity
Young-Children
Bone-Density
Growth
Adolescents
Fat
Moderate
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2013 Collection
School of Medicine Publications
 
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