Characteristics of student preparedness for clinical learning: clinical educator perspectives using the Delphi approach

Chipchase, Lucinda S., Buttrum, Peter J., Dunwoodie, Ruth, Hill, Anne E., Mandrusiak, Allison and Moran, Monica (2012) Characteristics of student preparedness for clinical learning: clinical educator perspectives using the Delphi approach. Bmc Medical Education, 12 1: 112-1-112-9. doi:10.1186/1472-6920-12-112

Author Chipchase, Lucinda S.
Buttrum, Peter J.
Dunwoodie, Ruth
Hill, Anne E.
Mandrusiak, Allison
Moran, Monica
Title Characteristics of student preparedness for clinical learning: clinical educator perspectives using the Delphi approach
Journal name Bmc Medical Education   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1472-6920
Publication date 2012-11
Year available 2012
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1186/1472-6920-12-112
Open Access Status DOI
Volume 12
Issue 1
Start page 112-1
End page 112-9
Total pages 9
Place of publication London, United Kingdom
Publisher BioMed Central
Collection year 2013
Language eng
Formatted abstract
During clinical placements, clinical educators facilitate student learning. Previous research has defined the skills, attitudes and practices that pertain to an ideal clinical educator. However, less attention has been paid to the role of student readiness in terms of foundational knowledge and attitudes at the commencement of practice education. Therefore, the aim of this study was to ascertain clinical educators’ views on the characteristics that they perceive demonstrate that a student is well prepared for clinical learning.
A two round on-line Delphi study was conducted. The first questionnaire was emailed to a total of 636 expert clinical educators from the disciplines of occupational therapy, physiotherapy and speech pathology. Expert clinical educators were asked to describe the key characteristics that indicate a student is prepared for a clinical placement and ready to learn. Open-ended responses received from the first round were subject to a thematic analysis and resulted in six themes with 62 characteristics. In the second round, participants were asked to rate each characteristic on a 7 point Likert Scale.
A total of 258 (40.56%) responded to the first round of the Delphi survey while 161 clinical educators completed the second (62.40% retention rate). Consensus was reached on 57 characteristics (six themes) using a cut off of greater than 70% positive respondents and an interquartile deviation IQD of equal or less than 1.
This study identified 57 characteristics (six themes) perceived by clinical educators as indicators of a student who is prepared and ready for clinical learning. A list of characteristics relating to behaviours has been compiled and could be provided to students to aid their preparation for clinical learning and to universities to incorporate within curricula. In addition, the list provides a platform for discussions by professional bodies about the role of placement education.

Keyword Delphi study
Clinical learning
Physiotherapy Students
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2013 Collection
School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences Publications
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