Nutrition and lipid profile in general population and vegetarian individuals living in rural Bangladesh

Das, Sumon Kumar, Faruque, Abu Syed Golam, Chisti, Mohammod Jobayer, Ahmed, Shahnawaz, Mamun, A. Abdullah, Chowdhury, Ashish Kumar, Ahmed, Tahmeed and Salam, Mohammed Abdus (2012) Nutrition and lipid profile in general population and vegetarian individuals living in rural Bangladesh. Journal of Obesity and Weight Loss Therapy, 2 3: 123.1-123.5. doi:10.4172/2165-7904.1000123

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Author Das, Sumon Kumar
Faruque, Abu Syed Golam
Chisti, Mohammod Jobayer
Ahmed, Shahnawaz
Mamun, A. Abdullah
Chowdhury, Ashish Kumar
Ahmed, Tahmeed
Salam, Mohammed Abdus
Title Nutrition and lipid profile in general population and vegetarian individuals living in rural Bangladesh
Journal name Journal of Obesity and Weight Loss Therapy   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 2165-7904
Publication date 2012
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.4172/2165-7904.1000123
Volume 2
Issue 3
Start page 123.1
End page 123.5
Total pages 5
Place of publication Los Angeles, CA, United States
Publisher Omics Publishing Group
Collection year 2013
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Background: To examine the association between consumption of vegetable-based diets and lipid profile of aged vegetarians in rural Bangladesh.
Methodology: Cross-sectional study was conducted in the Demographic Surveillance System (DSS) area of Mirzapur sub-district, rural Bangladesh from April to September, 2010. One hundred thirty two (66 vegetarians and 66 non-vegetarians) healthy individuals, aged 40 years or more were studied through house to house visits which had been selected randomly. Overnight fasting venous blood samples were collected for estimating Fasting Blood Sugar (FBS), serum creatinine with Serum Alanine Transaminase (ALT) and serum lipid profile.
Results: The mean age of the vegetarians and non-vegetarians were 58 and 57 years respectively with normal kidney and liver function. The vegetarians had significantly lower mean serum Total Cholesterol (TC) [mean difference (95% CI)] [-0.40 (-0.74, -0.06)] and LDL [-0.47 (-0.76, -0.19)] compared to non-vegetarians. They also had lower mean levels of TC: HDL [-0.55 (-0.98, -0.13)] and LDL:HDL [-0.48 (-0.84, -0.13)]. However, triglyceride, HDL, BMI, FBS, and waist-to-hip ratio were identical. In Pearson’s correlation, consumption of vegetable diet significantly correlated with serum TC, LDL and TC: HDL and LDL:HDL ratios. In multiple regression analysis, age, dietary habit, BMI, FBS, and radial pulse had positive correlation with LDL. Instead of radial pulse, for TC: HDL ratio, sex correlated along with other factors. Whereas, for LDL: HDL ratio direct correlation was found with age, dietary habit and BMI.
Conclusion: Findings of this study suggest that compared to non-vegetarians, rural Bangladeshi vegetarians had better serum lipid profile.
Keyword Bangladesh
Lipid profile
Non-vegetarians
Rural
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ
Additional Notes Article # 123

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2013 Collection
School of Public Health Publications
 
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Created: Wed, 16 Jan 2013, 16:32:21 EST by Geraldine Fitzgerald on behalf of School of Public Health