APOE E4 carriers show prospective memory enhancement under nicotine, and evidence for specialisation within medial BA10

Evans, Simon, Gray, Marcus A., Dowell, Nicholas G., Tabet, Naji, Tofts, Paul S., King, Sarah L. and Rusted, Jennifer M. (2013) APOE E4 carriers show prospective memory enhancement under nicotine, and evidence for specialisation within medial BA10. Neuropsychopharmacology, 38 4: 655-663. doi:10.1038/npp.2012.230


Author Evans, Simon
Gray, Marcus A.
Dowell, Nicholas G.
Tabet, Naji
Tofts, Paul S.
King, Sarah L.
Rusted, Jennifer M.
Title APOE E4 carriers show prospective memory enhancement under nicotine, and evidence for specialisation within medial BA10
Journal name Neuropsychopharmacology   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0893-133X
1740-634X
Publication date 2013-03
Year available 2012
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1038/npp.2012.230
Open Access Status
Volume 38
Issue 4
Start page 655
End page 663
Total pages 9
Place of publication London, United Kingdom
Publisher Nature Publishing Group
Collection year 2014
Language eng
Formatted abstract
There is evidence to suggest that the APOE ε4 allele (which confers an increased risk of developing dementia) might be associated with cognitive advantages earlier in life. Further, nicotine might selectively benefit ε4 carriers. We used fMRI to explore performance on a prospective memory (PM) task in young adults (age 18–30) with and without nicotine using a within-subjects design. Participants performed an ongoing task while retaining a PM instruction to respond to specific stimuli embedded in the task. Nicotine effects varied according to APOE status. Reaction times to the PM cue were improved under nicotine in ε4 carriers, but not in ε3 carriers. In an event-related analysis, extrastriate responses to PM trials were enhanced by nicotine only in ε4 carriers. These differences in early visual processing may contribute to the behavioral findings. Activity in medial BA10 (previously implicated in PM) differentiated ε4 from ε3 carriers. One BA10 subregion showed greater deactivation in ε4 carriers during PM trials. Activity in other BA10 subregions was modulated by PM reaction time, pointing to region-specific effects within medial BA10. In addition, activity in right hippocampal formation was only seen in ε4 carriers receiving nicotine. These results demonstrate that cognitive enhancement by nicotine can selectively benefit APOE ε4 carriers, and point to genotype-specific differences in neural activity during PM. In addition, these results show that the role of medial BA10 in PM likely involves varying contributions from functionally specific subregions.
Keyword Alzheimer’s disease
Psychopharmacology
Imaging
Learning and memory
Nicotine
APOE
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ
Additional Notes Published online 12 December 2012.

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: UQ Centre for Clinical Research Publications
Official 2014 Collection
Centre for Advanced Imaging Publications
 
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Created: Tue, 15 Jan 2013, 16:39:26 EST by Sandrine Ducrot on behalf of Centre for Advanced Imaging