Associations of strength training with impaired glucose metabolism: the AusDiab study

Minges, Karl E., Magliano, Dianna J., Owen, Neville, Daly, Robin M., Salmon, Jo, Shaw, Jonathan E., Zimmet, Paul Z. and Dunstan, David W. (2013) Associations of strength training with impaired glucose metabolism: the AusDiab study. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 45 2: 299-303. doi:10.1249/MSS.0b013e31826e6cd1

Author Minges, Karl E.
Magliano, Dianna J.
Owen, Neville
Daly, Robin M.
Salmon, Jo
Shaw, Jonathan E.
Zimmet, Paul Z.
Dunstan, David W.
Title Associations of strength training with impaired glucose metabolism: the AusDiab study
Journal name Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0195-9131
Publication date 2013-02
Year available 2012
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1249/MSS.0b013e31826e6cd1
Open Access Status
Volume 45
Issue 2
Start page 299
End page 303
Total pages 5
Place of publication Philadelphia, PA, United States
Publisher Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
Collection year 2014
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Purpose: To examine the association of strength training (ST) activity with impaired glucose metabolism (IGM) in Australian adults.
Methods: On the basis of an oral glucose tolerance test, IGM (which includes impaired fasting glucose, impaired glucose tolerance, or newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes), was assessed in 5831 adults (mean age = 56.0 ± 12.7 yr) without clinically diagnosed diabetes who participated in the 2004–2005 Australian Diabetes, Obesity and Lifestyle Study (AusDiab). Meeting the current ST guideline was based on reporting ST at least two times per week (frequency) or >=40 min·wk-1 in total (duration). Multiple logistic regression analyses examined associations of self-reported ST frequency and duration with IGM.
Results: After adjustment for known confounding factors and total moderate- to vigorous-intensity leisure time exercise, the odds ratio (OR) of IGM was 0.73 (95% confidence interval [CI] = 0.59–0.91, P <= 0.005) in those who met the ST frequency guideline (two or more times per week) and 0.69 (95% CI = 0.55–0.87, P <= 0.01) in those who met the ST duration guideline (>=40 min·wk-1). Those who achieved both the recommended frequency and duration of ST had 24% lower odds of IGM. There was also evidence that a moderate frequency (once a week) and duration (10–39 min·wk-1) of ST reduced the odds of IGM (OR frequency = 0.53, 95% CI = 0.51–0.81, P <= 0.01; OR duration = 0.72, 95% CI = 0.52–1.00, P <= 0.05).
Conclusions: These findings support the importance of including ST activity, at a frequency of at least once per week, within exercise management recommendations for the maintenance of favorable metabolic health, particularly as it may contribute to reducing the risk of developing type 2 diabetes mellitus.
Keyword Resistance training
Muscle strengthening activity
Physical activity
Impaired glucose tolerance
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ
Additional Notes Copyright © 2012 by the American College of Sports Medicine

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2014 Collection
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Created: Tue, 08 Jan 2013, 14:38:41 EST by Geraldine Fitzgerald on behalf of School of Public Health