Measurement of alcohol craving

Kavanagh, David J., Statham, Dixie J., Feeney, Gerald F. X., Young, Ross McD., May, Jon, Andrade, Jackie and Connor, Jason P. (2013) Measurement of alcohol craving. Addictive Behaviors, 38 2: 1572-1584. doi:10.1016/j.addbeh.2012.08.004

Author Kavanagh, David J.
Statham, Dixie J.
Feeney, Gerald F. X.
Young, Ross McD.
May, Jon
Andrade, Jackie
Connor, Jason P.
Title Measurement of alcohol craving
Journal name Addictive Behaviors   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0306-4603
Publication date 2013-02
Year available 2012
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/j.addbeh.2012.08.004
Volume 38
Issue 2
Start page 1572
End page 1584
Total pages 13
Place of publication Kidlington, Oxford, United Kingdom
Publisher Pergamon
Collection year 2014
Language eng
Abstract Despite considerable research activity and application in treatment, the construct of craving remains poorly understood. We propose that cravings and urges are cognitive-emotional events in time, characterised by frequency, duration, intensity and salience. Commonly used measures of alcohol craving are reviewed, and their strengths and weaknesses identified. Most measures confound craving with behaviours, or with separable cognitive phenomena such as expectancies, intentions, or perceived behavioural control. These confounds have limited our advances in understanding the determinants and consequences of craving. Based on the criteria applied in this review, among the better performing multi-item measures are the Penn Alcohol Craving Scale and Obsessive subscale of the Obsessive-Compulsive Drinking Scale. Optimal assessment strategies are likely to involve daily assessments of peak intensity of cravings, desires or urges and of the frequency and duration of craving episodes. Of particular interest are measures of intensity at times when individuals are at risk of drinking or of other functional impacts from craving.
Keyword Alcohol
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ
Additional Notes © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences -- Publications
Official 2014 Collection
School of Medicine Publications
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Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 26 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
Scopus Citation Count Cited 27 times in Scopus Article | Citations
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Created: Tue, 08 Jan 2013, 14:23:25 EST by Ms Dayna Smith on behalf of Centre for Youth Substance Abuse