Androgen abuse and increased cardiac risk

Higgins, John P., Heshmat, Alireza and Higgins, Christopher L. (2012) Androgen abuse and increased cardiac risk. Southern Medical Journal, 105 12: 670-674. doi:10.1097/SMJ.0b013e3182749269


Author Higgins, John P.
Heshmat, Alireza
Higgins, Christopher L.
Title Androgen abuse and increased cardiac risk
Journal name Southern Medical Journal   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0038-4348
1541-8243
Publication date 2012-12
Sub-type Critical review of research, literature review, critical commentary
DOI 10.1097/SMJ.0b013e3182749269
Volume 105
Issue 12
Start page 670
End page 674
Total pages 5
Place of publication Philadelphia, United States
Publisher Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
Collection year 2013
Language eng
Abstract The objectives of this article were to review the anabolic androgen steroids, specifically the direct and indirect effects on the cardiovascular system of the individuals who use them, and to summarize the evidence regarding the effects of androgens on the cardiovascular system. A search of the English-language scientific literature from 1976 to March 2012 was performed primarily by searching the MEDLINE and Embase databases and Google. Anabolic androgenic steroids are associated with direct effects such as cardiac muscle hypertrophy and myocardial fibrosis and indirect effects, including dyslipidemia, hypertension, arrhythmia, and myocardial infarction. It is likely that chronic exposure to these agents can result in significant alterations in the cardiovascular system, and their safety has not been fully established.
Keyword Anabolic steroids
Androgens
Athlete
Cardiovascular effects
Exercise
Q-Index Code CX
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status Non-UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Critical review of research, literature review, critical commentary
Collections: Non HERDC
ERA White List Items
School of Human Movement and Nutrition Sciences Publications
 
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