The prevalence and correlates of neurological illness and traumatic brain injury (TBI) among Australian frequent drug users

Scott, Laura A., Bruno, Raimondo, Burns, Lucy, Van Buskirk, Joe, Alati, Rosa and Matthews, Allison (2012). The prevalence and correlates of neurological illness and traumatic brain injury (TBI) among Australian frequent drug users. In: Drug and Alcohol Review. Australasian Professional Society on Alcohol and other Drugs Conference 2012, Melbourne, Australia, (50-50). 18-21 November 2012. doi:10.1111/j.1465-3362.2012.00514.x


Author Scott, Laura A.
Bruno, Raimondo
Burns, Lucy
Van Buskirk, Joe
Alati, Rosa
Matthews, Allison
Title of paper The prevalence and correlates of neurological illness and traumatic brain injury (TBI) among Australian frequent drug users
Conference name Australasian Professional Society on Alcohol and other Drugs Conference 2012
Conference location Melbourne, Australia
Conference dates 18-21 November 2012
Proceedings title Drug and Alcohol Review   Check publisher's open access policy
Journal name Drug and Alcohol Review   Check publisher's open access policy
Place of Publication Chichester, West Sussex, United Kingdom
Publisher Wiley-Blackwell
Publication Year 2012
Sub-type Published abstract
DOI 10.1111/j.1465-3362.2012.00514.x
ISSN 0959-5236
1465-3362
Volume 31
Issue Supp. s1
Start page 50
End page 50
Total pages 1
Language eng
Formatted Abstract/Summary
Issue: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in developed countries with a peak incidence among young adults and elderly people [1]. TBI can result in long-term impairments in cognition, physical and psychological wellbeing, social and occupational outcomes [2]. Cognitive, emotional and functional impairments associated with drug use could potentially compound those associated with TBI. The aim of this paper was to investigate the prevalence and correlates of neurological illness and TBI among regular psychostimulant users and people who inject drugs.
Approach: Participants were regular psychostimulant users and people who inject drugs who participated in the Ecstasy and Related Drug Reporting System and Illicit Drug Reporting System in 2012. Inclusion criteria required at least monthly psychostimulant or injecting drug use in the preceding six months. Approximately 100 participants in each group were interviewed in each Australian jurisdiction. Participants were assessed using a neurological history module examining epilepsy, stroke, hypoxic brain damage and TBI.
Key Findings: The prevalence and severity of TBI in these two different groups of drug users are compared with general population data. Correlates of TBI are examined including demographics, drug use, mental health and risky behaviours. The temporal relationship between head injury and onset of drug use is also explored.
Implications and Conclusions: Findings suggest that those reporting co-occurrence of drug use and neurological insult may experience elevated risk of adverse outcomes. Implications for patient care and service provision are addressed. Further investigation of the combined impact of drug use and TBI on cognitive functioning is recommended.
Q-Index Code EX
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Conference Paper
Collection: School of Public Health Publications
 
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