Effect of Wolbachia on replication of West Nile Virus in mosquito cell line and adult mosquitoes

Hussain, Mazhar, Lu, Guangjin, Torres, Shessy, Edmonds, Judith H., Kay, Brian H., Khromykh, Alexander A. and Asgari, Sassan (2013) Effect of Wolbachia on replication of West Nile Virus in mosquito cell line and adult mosquitoes. Journal of Virology, 87 2: 851-858. doi:10.1128/JVI.01837-12


Author Hussain, Mazhar
Lu, Guangjin
Torres, Shessy
Edmonds, Judith H.
Kay, Brian H.
Khromykh, Alexander A.
Asgari, Sassan
Title Effect of Wolbachia on replication of West Nile Virus in mosquito cell line and adult mosquitoes
Journal name Journal of Virology   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0022-1317
1465-2099
Publication date 2013
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1128/JVI.01837-12
Volume 87
Issue 2
Start page 851
End page 858
Total pages 8
Place of publication Reading, Berkshire, United Kingdom
Publisher Society for General Microbiology
Collection year 2013
Language eng
Abstract Wolbachia as an endosymbiont is widespread in insects and other arthropods and is best known for reproductive manipulations of the host. Recently, it has been shown that wMelpop and wMel strains of Wolbachia inhibit replication of several RNA viruses, including Dengue virus, and other vector-borne pathogens (e.g. Plasmodium and filarial nematodes) in mosquitoes providing an alternative approach to limit transmission of vector-borne pathogens. In this study, we tested the effect of Wolbachia on the replication of West Nile Virus (WNV). Surprisingly, accumulation of the genomic RNA of WNV for all the three strains of WNV tested (New York 99, Kunjin and New South Wales) was enhanced in Wolbachia-infected Aedes aegypti cells (Aag2). However, the amount of secreted virus was significantly reduced in the presence of Wolbachia. Intrathoracic injections showed that replication of WNV in A. aegypti mosquitoes infected with wMel strain of Wolbachia was not inhibited; while wMelPop strain of Wolbachia significantly reduced replication of WNV in mosquitoes. Further, when wMelPop mosquitoes were orally inoculated with WNV, virus infection, transmission and dissemination rates were very low in Wolbachia-free mosquitoes and these were completely inhibited in the presence of Wolbachia. The results suggest that (i) despite enhancement of viral genomic RNA replication in the Wolbachia-infected cell line, production of secreted virus was significantly inhibited, (ii) the anti-viral effect in intrathoracically-infected mosquitoes depends on the strain of Wolbachia, and (iii) replication of the virus in orally infected mosquitoes was completely inhibited in wMelPop strain of Wolbachia.
Keyword Wolbachia
wMelpop
wMel
RNA virus
Dengue
West Nile Virus
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ
Additional Notes Published ahead of print: 31 October 2012.

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2013 Collection
School of Biological Sciences Publications
School of Chemistry and Molecular Biosciences
 
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Created: Tue, 11 Dec 2012, 12:21:29 EST by Prof Sassan Asgari on behalf of School of Biological Sciences