Enhancing functional balance and mobility among older people living in long-term care facilities

Nitz, Jennifer C. and Josephson, Diane L. (2011) Enhancing functional balance and mobility among older people living in long-term care facilities. Geriatric Nursing, 32 2: 106-113.


Author Nitz, Jennifer C.
Josephson, Diane L.
Title Enhancing functional balance and mobility among older people living in long-term care facilities
Journal name Geriatric Nursing   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0197-4572
1528-3984
Publication date 2011-03
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/j.gerinurse.2010.11.004
Volume 32
Issue 2
Start page 106
End page 113
Total pages 8
Place of publication Philadelphia, PA, United States
Publisher Mosby
Language eng
Abstract This study of long-term care residents investigated whether a balance strategy training program (BSTP) developed for older people living in the community is effective in improving functional mobility and reducing falls when adapted to resident functional abilities. The BSTP was delivered twice weekly over 12 weeks. Outcome measures compared pre- and postintervention measured Timed Up and Go, Functional Reach, timed 5 sit-to-stand movements, and number of falls in 12 weeks before intervention with 12-week follow-up period. Forty-seven residents participated, 26 of whom were cognitively impaired. There was a significant improvement in all functional balance and mobility measures, but this was clinically significant only in 5 sit-to-stand time. There was no reduction in falls, although this outcome was confounded by all fallers being acutely ill at the time of falling. These results suggest participation in a BSTP by residents of long-term care improves resident functional mobility and balance.
Keyword Randomized controlled trial
Fall prevention
Residential care
Nursing home
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collection: School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences Publications
 
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