Mortality measures from sample-based surveillance: evidence of the epidemiological transition in Viet Nam

Nguyen Phuong Hoa, Rao, Chalapati, Hoy, Damian G., Nguyen Duc Hinh, Nguyen Thi Kim Chuc and Duc Anh Ngo (2012) Mortality measures from sample-based surveillance: evidence of the epidemiological transition in Viet Nam. Bulletin of the World Health Organization, 90 10: 764-772. doi:10.2471/BLT.11.100750


Author Nguyen Phuong Hoa
Rao, Chalapati
Hoy, Damian G.
Nguyen Duc Hinh
Nguyen Thi Kim Chuc
Duc Anh Ngo
Title Mortality measures from sample-based surveillance: evidence of the epidemiological transition in Viet Nam
Journal name Bulletin of the World Health Organization   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0042-9686
Publication date 2012-10
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.2471/BLT.11.100750
Open Access Status DOI
Volume 90
Issue 10
Start page 764
End page 772
Total pages 9
Place of publication Geneva, Switzerland
Publisher World Health Organization
Collection year 2013
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Objective To report methods and results from a national sample mortality surveillance programme implemented in Viet Nam in 2009.
Methods A national sample of 192 communes located in 16 provinces and covering a population of approximately 2.6 million was selected using multi-stage cluster sampling. Deaths for 2009 were identified from several local data sources. Record reconciliation and capture–recapture methods were used to compile data and assess completeness of the records. Life tables were computed using reported and adjusted age-specific death rates. Each death was followed up by verbal autopsy to ascertain the probable cause(s) of death. Underlying causes were certified and coded according to international guidelines.
Findings A total of 9921 deaths were identified in the sample population. Completeness of death records was estimated to be 81%. Adjusted life expectancies at birth were 70.4 and 78.7 years for males and females, respectively. Stroke was the leading cause of death in both sexes. Other prominent causes were road traffic accidents, cancers and HIV infection in males, and cardiovascular conditions, pneumonia and diabetes in females.
Conclusion Viet Nam is undergoing the epidemiological transition. Although data are relatively complete, they could be further improved through strengthened local collaboration. Medical certification for deaths in hospitals, and shorter recall periods for verbal autopsy interviews would improve cause of death ascertainment.
Keyword Civil Registration Systems
Public-Health Utility
Verbal Autopsies
Death Statistics
Adult Deaths
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2013 Collection
School of Public Health Publications
 
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