Fetal growth restriction and 18-year growth and nutritional status: Aboriginal birth cohort 1987-2007

Sayers, Susan, Mott, Susan and Singh, Gurmeet (2011) Fetal growth restriction and 18-year growth and nutritional status: Aboriginal birth cohort 1987-2007. American Journal of Human Biology, 23 3: 417-419. doi:10.1002/ajhb.21133


Author Sayers, Susan
Mott, Susan
Singh, Gurmeet
Title Fetal growth restriction and 18-year growth and nutritional status: Aboriginal birth cohort 1987-2007
Journal name American Journal of Human Biology   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1042-0533
1520-6300
Publication date 2011-05
Year available 2010
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1002/ajhb.21133
Volume 23
Issue 3
Start page 417
End page 419
Total pages 3
Place of publication Hoboken, NJ, United States
Publisher John Wiley & Sons
Language eng
Formatted abstract
The main objective of the work is to compare the growth and nutritional status of Australian Aboriginal term infants born with (n = 81) and without fetal growth restriction (n = 260). A prospective birth cohort study of 341 Aboriginal babies from the Top End of the Northern Territory of Australia was recruited at birth (1987–1990) and re-examined at a mean age of 18.3 years (2006–2008) for outcome measures of growth and nutrition status. Those with growth restriction at birth were 3 cm shorter (P = 0.0026) and 9 kg lighter (P = 0.0001) with head circumferences 0.95cm smaller (P = 0.0008) than those without growth restriction. The proportions of growth restricted participants with body mass index <18.5 kg/m2 were significantly greater (= 0.028), and those with BMI > 25 kg/m2 and with fat percentage >85th percentile were significantly smaller (P = 0.012 and 0.004, respectively). In this cohort, those Aboriginal babies born smaller and lighter have remained smaller and lighter at 18 years of age. However, the highest risk of later chronic noncommunicable disease has been reported in subjects who were born small and become relatively larger in later life. The continued study of this Aboriginal birth cohort will give us an opportunity to determine if and when in later life the effects of birth weight are modified by environmental nutritional factors.
Keyword Intrauterine growth
Disease
Population
Community
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status UQ
Additional Notes Available online 22 December 2010

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collection: School of Medicine Publications
 
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