Assessing the poverty impacts of migrants' remittances using propensity score matching: the case of Tonga

Jimenez-Soto, Eliana V. and Brown, Richard P. C. (2012) Assessing the poverty impacts of migrants' remittances using propensity score matching: the case of Tonga. Economic Record, 88 282: 425-439. doi:10.1111/j.1475-4932.2012.00824.x


Author Jimenez-Soto, Eliana V.
Brown, Richard P. C.
Title Assessing the poverty impacts of migrants' remittances using propensity score matching: the case of Tonga
Journal name Economic Record   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0013-0249
1475-4932
Publication date 2012-09
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1111/j.1475-4932.2012.00824.x
Volume 88
Issue 282
Start page 425
End page 439
Total pages 15
Place of publication Richmond, VIC, Australia
Publisher Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Asia
Collection year 2013
Language eng
Abstract We estimate the impacts of remittances on poverty in Tonga, a poor Pacific island country highly dependent on migrants’ remittances. Using household survey data, we apply Propensity Score Matching (PSM) to estimate without-remittances incomes of migrant households from which counterfactual poverty rates are derived. We compare these with poverty rates from observed income including remittances to gauge their effects on poverty. We find that remittances reduce the incidence of poverty by 31 per cent and depth of poverty by 49 per cent. The results are robust both to alternative specifications of the PSM model and to use of an alternative counterfactual income estimation method.
Keyword F22
F24
I32
O15
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2013 Collection
School of Population Health Publications
School of Economics Publications
 
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