Rapid, long-distance dispersal by pumice rafting

Bryan, Scott E., Cook, Alex G., Evans, Jason P., Hebden, Kerry, Hurrey, Lucy, Colls, Peter, Jell, John S., Weatherley, Dion and Firn, Jennifer (2012) Rapid, long-distance dispersal by pumice rafting. PLoS One, 7 7: e40583.1-e40583.7. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0040583

Author Bryan, Scott E.
Cook, Alex G.
Evans, Jason P.
Hebden, Kerry
Hurrey, Lucy
Colls, Peter
Jell, John S.
Weatherley, Dion
Firn, Jennifer
Title Rapid, long-distance dispersal by pumice rafting
Journal name PLoS One   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1932-6203
Publication date 2012-07
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1371/journal.pone.0040583
Open Access Status DOI
Volume 7
Issue 7
Start page e40583.1
End page e40583.7
Total pages 13
Place of publication San Francisco, CA United States
Publisher Public Library of Science
Collection year 2013
Language eng
Abstract Pumice is an extremely effective rafting agent that can dramatically increase the dispersal range of a variety of marine organisms and connect isolated shallow marine and coastal ecosystems. Here we report on a significant recent pumice rafting and long-distance dispersal event that occurred across the southwest Pacific following the 2006 explosive eruption of Home Reef Volcano in Tonga. We have constrained the trajectory, and rate, biomass and biodiversity of transfer, discovering more than 80 species and a substantial biomass underwent a >5000 km journey in 7-8 months. Differing microenvironmental conditions on the pumice, caused by relative stability of clasts at the sea surface, promoted diversity in biotic recruitment. Our findings emphasise pumice rafting as an important process facilitating the distribution of marine life, which have implications for colonisation processes and success, the management of sensitive marine environments, and invasive pest species
Keyword Marine populations
Propagule dispersal
Larval Ddispersal
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

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