Long-term decline of a fringing coral reef in the Northern South China Sea

Zhao, Meixia, Yu, Kefu, Zhang, Qiaomin, Shi, Qi and Price, Gilbert J. (2012) Long-term decline of a fringing coral reef in the Northern South China Sea. Journal of Coastal Research, 28 5: 1088-1099. doi:10.2112/JCOASTRES-D-10-00172.1

Author Zhao, Meixia
Yu, Kefu
Zhang, Qiaomin
Shi, Qi
Price, Gilbert J.
Title Long-term decline of a fringing coral reef in the Northern South China Sea
Journal name Journal of Coastal Research   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0749-0208
Publication date 2012-09
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.2112/JCOASTRES-D-10-00172.1
Volume 28
Issue 5
Start page 1088
End page 1099
Total pages 12
Place of publication West Palm Beach, FL United States
Publisher Coastal Education and Research Foundation
Collection year 2013
Language eng
Formatted abstract
The Luhuitou coral reef is a fringing reef at Hainan Island in the northern South China Sea. Since the 1960s, the reef has experienced several significant ecological changes. During that interval, the mean coral cover decreased dramatically from 80–90% in 1962–65 and to just 12% in 2009. In the 1960s, the coral community structure was divided into three well-defined zones: a Goniastrea zone and Montipora zone (both on the reef flat) and an Acropora zone (on the reef slope). However, by 2009, Porites lutea became the dominant species on the reef flat, whereas the predominance of Acropora on the reef slope weakened significantly. There are few long-established Porites lutea colonies present, with approximately 80% being younger than 30 years old. This demographic pattern differs significantly from healthy coral reefs, which are typically dominated by large, well-established (and mature) coral colonies. The long-term decline of the Luhuitou coral reef has most likely been driven as a result of anthropogenic activities, such as overfishing, destructive fishing, reef rock digging, and mariculture and tourism activities. Our study reinforces previous works and highlights the vulnerability of coral reefs to anthropogenic impacts.
Keyword Coral reef decline
Fringing Reefs
South China Sea
Hainan Island
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2013 Collection
Centre for Microscopy and Microanalysis Publications
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Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 10 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
Scopus Citation Count Cited 12 times in Scopus Article | Citations
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