Immigration, multiculturalism and the changing face of Australia

Bastian, Brock (2012). Immigration, multiculturalism and the changing face of Australia. In Diane Bretherton and Nikola Balvin (Ed.), Peace psychology in Australia (pp. 55-70) New York, United States: Springer. doi:10.1007/978-1-4614-1403-2_4

Author Bastian, Brock
Title of chapter Immigration, multiculturalism and the changing face of Australia
Title of book Peace psychology in Australia
Place of Publication New York, United States
Publisher Springer
Publication Year 2012
Sub-type Research book chapter (original research)
DOI 10.1007/978-1-4614-1403-2_4
Series Peace Psychology Book series
ISBN 9781461414032
Editor Diane Bretherton
Nikola Balvin
Chapter number 4
Start page 55
End page 70
Total pages 16
Total chapters 19
Collection year 2013
Language eng
Abstract/Summary Australia’s population has grown exponentially over the past 200 years, and this trend is predicted to continue. Immigration has played a crucial role in this growth, and Australia is now one of the most multicultural countries in the world. Using Australia’s history of immigration as a backdrop, I will explore factors that have allowed this impressive mixture of cultural groups to coexist as well as those that have created conflict, tension and marginalisation. Starting with a brief overview of immigration trends within Australia, I will discuss theory and research that highlights the different acculturation strategies that immigrant groups often employ and which of these is most beneficial to multiculturalism. I will then discuss a number of factors that facilitate or inhibit effective acculturation and integration of new groups including: (1) the role of intergroup contact; (2) the role of intergroup perceptions, including prejudice, threat and how group differences are understood; (3) the role of media representations and the importance of social norms; and (4) the importance of education in schools and parental attitudes in shaping early responses to new immigrants. I will conclude by examining how these factors have played a role in shaping the current state of diversity and tolerance within Australia and give reasons why Australia has the potential to become an example of multiculturalism to the rest of the world.
Q-Index Code B1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ
Additional Notes Part I The Geohistorical Context of Peace Psychology in Australia

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