The effect of group music therapy on mood, speech,andsinging in individuals with parkinson's disease a feasibility study

Elefant, Cochavit, Baker, Felicity A., Lotan, Meir, Lagesen, Simen Krogstie and Skeie, Geir Olve (2012) The effect of group music therapy on mood, speech,andsinging in individuals with parkinson's disease a feasibility study. Journal of Music Therapy, 49 3: 278-302.

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Author Elefant, Cochavit
Baker, Felicity A.
Lotan, Meir
Lagesen, Simen Krogstie
Skeie, Geir Olve
Title The effect of group music therapy on mood, speech,andsinging in individuals with parkinson's disease a feasibility study
Journal name Journal of Music Therapy   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0022-2917
Publication date 2012-09
Sub-type Article (original research)
Volume 49
Issue 3
Start page 278
End page 302
Total pages 25
Place of publication Silver Spring, MD United States
Publisher American Music Therapy Association
Collection year 2013
Language eng
Formatted abstract Background: Parkinson's disease (PD) is a progressive neurodegenerative disorder where patients exhibit impairments in speech production. Few studies have investigated the influence of music interventions on vocal abilities of individuals with PD.
Objectives: To evaluate the influence of a group voice and singing intervention on speech, singing, and depressive symptoms in individuals with PD.
Methods: Ten patients diagnosed with PD participated in this onegroup, repeated measures design study. Participants received the sixtyminute intervention, in a small group setting once a week for 20 consecutive weeks. Speech and singing quality were acoustically analyzed using a KayPentax Multi-Dimensional Voice Program™, voice ability using the Voice Handicap Index (VHI), and depressive symptoms using the Montgomery and Åsberg Depression rating scale (MADRS). Measures were taken at baseline (Time 1), after 10 weeks of weekly sessions (Time 2), and after 20 weeks of weekly sessions (Time 3).
Results: Significant changes were observed for five of the six singing quality outcomes at Time 2 and 3, as well as voice range and the VHI physical subscale at Time 3. No significant changes were found for speaking quality or depressive symptom outcomes; however, there was an absence of decline on speaking quality outcomes over the intervention period.
Conclusions: Significant improvements in singing quality and voice range, coupled with the absence of decline in speaking quality support group singing as a promising intervention for persons with PD. A twogroup randomized control study is needed to determine whether the intervention contributes to maintenance of speaking quality in persons with PD
Keyword Parkinson's disease
Music therapy
Group therapy
Vocal ability
Singing
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2013 Collection
School of Music Publications
 
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