A novel scheme for the selective stimulation of nerve fibers using nonlinear properties of action potentials

Abeyratne, Udantha R. and Adnan, Syed M. (2000) A novel scheme for the selective stimulation of nerve fibers using nonlinear properties of action potentials. Critical Reviews in Biomedical Engineering, 28 1-2: 95-101. doi:10.1615/CritRevBiomedEng.v28.i12.160


Author Abeyratne, Udantha R.
Adnan, Syed M.
Title A novel scheme for the selective stimulation of nerve fibers using nonlinear properties of action potentials
Journal name Critical Reviews in Biomedical Engineering   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0278-940X
1943-619X
Publication date 2000-01
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1615/CritRevBiomedEng.v28.i12.160
Volume 28
Issue 1-2
Start page 95
End page 101
Total pages 7
Place of publication Redding, CT United States
Publisher Begell House
Collection year 2000
Language eng
Formatted abstract
In this paper, we propose a novel technique for selective stimulation of nerve fibers. We show that a set of point electrodes arranged in the 3-D space around a nerve trunk can be used to systematically synthesize highly useful activation patterns within the nerve, by exploiting the spatial arrangement of the electrodes and the excitation currents. Using such activation patterns, we present a novel scheme to selectively stimulate nerve fibers, based on the nonlinear properties of action potential generation. We illustrate the developed techniques via computer simulations of a nerve trunk consisting of a large number of nerve fibers. The results indicate that the proposed technique has great potential to achieve position selective stimulation of nerve in FES.

In this paper, we propose a novel technique for selective stimulation of nerve fibers. We show that a set of point electrodes arranged in the 3-D space around a nerve trunk can be used to systematically synthesize highly useful activation patterns within the nerve, by exploiting the spatial arrangement of the electrodes and the excitation currents. Using such activation patterns, we present a novel scheme to selectively stimulate nerve fibers, based on the nonlinear properties of action potential generation. We illustrate the developed techniques via computer simulations of a nerve trunk consisting of a large number of nerve fibers. The results indicate that the proposed technique has great potential to achieve position selective stimulation of nerve in FES.
Keyword Functional electrical stimulation
Multicontact cuff electrode
Selective stimulation
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Non-UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collection: School of Information Technology and Electrical Engineering Publications
 
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Created: Wed, 14 Nov 2012, 12:59:50 EST by Dr Udantha Abeyratne on behalf of School of Information Technol and Elec Engineering