A lipidomic approach to understanding free fatty acid lipogenesis derived from dissolved inorganic carbon within cnidarian-dinoflagellate symbiosis

Dunn, Simon R., Thomas, Michael C., Nette, Geoffrey W. and Dove, Sophie G. (2012) A lipidomic approach to understanding free fatty acid lipogenesis derived from dissolved inorganic carbon within cnidarian-dinoflagellate symbiosis. PLoS One, 7 10 Article No.e46801: . doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0046801


Author Dunn, Simon R.
Thomas, Michael C.
Nette, Geoffrey W.
Dove, Sophie G.
Title A lipidomic approach to understanding free fatty acid lipogenesis derived from dissolved inorganic carbon within cnidarian-dinoflagellate symbiosis
Journal name PLoS One   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1932-6203
Publication date 2012-10
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1371/journal.pone.0046801
Volume 7
Issue 10 Article No.e46801
Total pages 14
Place of publication San Francisco, CA United States
Publisher Public Library of Science
Collection year 2013
Language eng
Formatted abstract The cnidarian-dinoflagellate symbiosis is arguably one of the most important within the marine environment in that it is integral to the formation of coral reefs. However, the regulatory processes that perpetuate this symbiosis remain unresolved. It is essential to understand these processes, if we are to elucidate the mechanisms that support growth and resource accumulation by coral host, and conversely, recently observed reduction and/or mortality of corals in response to rapid environmental change. This study specifically focused on one area of metabolic activity within the symbiosis, that of free fatty acid synthesis within both the dinoflagellate symbionts and cnidarian host. The main model system used was Aiptasia pulchella and Symbiodinium sp. in combination with aposymbiotic A. pulchella, the symbiotic coral Acropora millepora system and dinoflagellate culture. Fatty acids (FAs) were selected because of their multiple essential roles inclusive of energy storage (resource accumulation), membrane structure fluidity and cell signaling. The study addressed free FA lipogenesis by using a new method of enriched stable isotopic ( 13C) incorporation from dissolved inorganic carbon (DI 13C) combined with HPLC-MS. FAs derived from DI 13C aligned with a mixture of known lipogenesis pathways with the addition of some unusual FAs. After 120 hr, 13C-enriched FA synthesis rates were attributed to only a complex integration of both n-3 and n-6 lipogenesis pathways within the dinoflagellate symbionts. Furthermore, there was no detectible evidence of symbiont derived enriched isotope fatty acids, catabolized 13C derivatives or DI 13C being directly utilized, in host late n-6 pathway long-chain FA lipogenesis. These findings do not align with a popular mutualistic translocation model with respect to the use of translocated symbiont photoassimilates in host long-chain FA lipogenesis, which has important connotations for linking nutrient sources with metabolite production and the dynamic regulation of this symbiosis.
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ
Additional Notes Received June 13, 2011; Accepted September 10, 2012; Published October 24, 2012

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Global Change Institute Publications
Official 2013 Collection
School of Biological Sciences Publications
 
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Created: Tue, 13 Nov 2012, 15:24:13 EST by Gail Walter on behalf of School of Biological Sciences