Smallholder competitiveness: insights from household pig production systems in Vietnam

Lapar, Ma. Lucila, Nguyen, Ngoc Toan, Staal, Steve, Minot, Nicholas, Tisdell, Clement, Nguyen, Ngoc Que and Nguyen, Do Anh Tuan (2012). Smallholder competitiveness: insights from household pig production systems in Vietnam. In: 2012 International Conference of Agricultural Economists. 28th International Association of Agricultural Economists (IAAE) Triennial Conference, Foz do Iguacu, Brazil, (). 18-24 August 2012.

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Name Description MIMEType Size Downloads
Author Lapar, Ma. Lucila
Nguyen, Ngoc Toan
Staal, Steve
Minot, Nicholas
Tisdell, Clement
Nguyen, Ngoc Que
Nguyen, Do Anh Tuan
Title of paper Smallholder competitiveness: insights from household pig production systems in Vietnam
Conference name 28th International Association of Agricultural Economists (IAAE) Triennial Conference
Conference location Foz do Iguacu, Brazil
Conference dates 18-24 August 2012
Proceedings title 2012 International Conference of Agricultural Economists
Place of Publication St. Paul, MN United States
Publisher ICAE
Publication Year 2012
Sub-type Fully published paper
Total pages 25
Collection year 2013
Language eng
Formatted Abstract/Summary
We examine smallholder competitiveness in pig production using data from a survey of 1,051 households across six provinces representing six agro-ecological zones and two urban centers in Vietnam. Results from various analyses employing descriptive statistical analysis, econometric modelling, and partial equilibrium modelling of the pig sector in Vietnam support the hypothesis that smallholder, household pig production are competitive and will remain significant suppliers of the fresh pork market. This competitiveness is underpinned by the strong demand for fresh, unchilled pork, thereby ensuring sustained opportunities for smallholders to supply this demand while also providing natural protection from imported chilled or frozen pork. Long-term prospects for smallholder contribution to total pork supply are good. Even in the worst case scenario of stagnant technological advances in the traditional, smallholder sector, they are projected to remain dominant players in the pork market. Currently, the modern, large scale pig sector is small at 5% of total market share; this is projected to expand to 12% in the next 10 years. The empirical evidence also suggests that overall efficiency gains to the pig sector are not likely to be generated from increasing herd sizes due to the observed lack of economies of scale in household pig production. In the current situation, ways should be explored to reduce the cost of production. Attention should be given, for example, to increasing the supply and reducing the cost of domestically produced feeds for pigs and utilizing available supplies more efficiently. Technological improvement in feeds and in pig production thus plays an important role in the development of the sector. Policies that will enhance productivity across all producer types will be preferable, rather than a targeted policy directive focusing on developing large, industrial farms. Limitations in land and household labor may also limit potential for expanding scale, thereby further supporting the case for sustaining smallholder competitiveness.
Keyword Smallholder competitiveness
Household pig production
Pork value chain
Technology adoption
Q-Index Code E1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Conference Paper
Collections: Official 2013 Collection
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Created: Mon, 05 Nov 2012, 08:57:51 EST by Emeritus Professor Clement Tisdell on behalf of School of Economics