Marked changes in neuropeptide expression accompany broadcast spawnings in the gastropod Haliotis asinina

York, Patrick S., Cummins, Scott F., Degnan, Sandie M., Woodcroft, Ben J. and Degnan, Bernard M. (2012) Marked changes in neuropeptide expression accompany broadcast spawnings in the gastropod Haliotis asinina. Frontiers in Zoology, 9 9.1-9.16. doi:10.1186/1742-9994-9-9

Author York, Patrick S.
Cummins, Scott F.
Degnan, Sandie M.
Woodcroft, Ben J.
Degnan, Bernard M.
Title Marked changes in neuropeptide expression accompany broadcast spawnings in the gastropod Haliotis asinina
Journal name Frontiers in Zoology   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1742-9994
Publication date 2012-05
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1186/1742-9994-9-9
Open Access Status DOI
Volume 9
Start page 9.1
End page 9.16
Total pages 16
Place of publication London, United Kingdom
Publisher BioMed Central
Collection year 2013
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Introduction: A huge diversity of marine species reproduce by synchronously spawning their gametes into the water column. Although this species-specific event typically occurs in a particular season, the precise time and day of spawning often can not be predicted. There is little understanding of how the environment (e.g. water temperature, day length, tidal and lunar cycle) regulates a population’s reproductive physiology to synchronise a spawning event. The Indo-Pacific tropical abalone, Haliotis asinina, has a highly predictable spawning cycle, where individuals release gametes on the evenings of spring high tides on new and full moons during the warmer half of the year. These calculable spawning events uniquely allow for the analysis of the molecular and cellular processes underlying reproduction. Here we characterise neuropeptides produced in H. asinina ganglia that are known in egg-laying molluscs to control vital aspects of reproduction.
Results: We demonstrate that genes encoding APGWamide, myomodulin, the putative proctolin homologue whitnin, FMRFamide, a schistosomin-like peptide (SLP), a molluscan insulin-related peptide (MIP) and a haliotid growth-associated peptide (HGAP) all are differentially expressed in the anterior ganglia during the two week spawning cycle in both male and female abalone. Each gene has a unique and sex-specific expression profile. Despite these differences, expression levels in most of the genes peak at or within 12 h of the spawning event. In contrast, lowest levels of transcript abundance typically occurs 36 h before and 24 h after spawning, with differences in peak and low expression levels being most pronounced in genes orthologous to known molluscan reproduction neuromodulators.
Conclusions: Exploiting the predictable semi-lunar spawning cycle of the gastropod H. asinina, we have identified a suite of evolutionarily-conserved, mollusc-specific and rapidly-evolving neuropeptides that appear to contribute to the regulation of spawning. Dramatic increases and decreases in ganglionic neuropeptide expression levels from 36 h before to 24 h after the broadcast spawning event are consistent with these peptides having a regulatory role in translating environmental signals experienced by a population into a synchronous physiological output, in this case, the release of gametes.
Keyword Reproduction
Tropical abalone
Haliotis asinina
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ
Additional Notes Article # 9

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2013 Collection
School of Biological Sciences Publications
School of Chemistry and Molecular Biosciences
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Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 7 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
Scopus Citation Count Cited 9 times in Scopus Article | Citations
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Created: Wed, 31 Oct 2012, 15:38:32 EST by Gail Walter on behalf of School of Biological Sciences