A mouse model of early-onset renal failure due to a Xanthine Dehydrogenase nonsense mutation

Piret, Sian E., Esapa, Christopher T., Gorvin, Caroline M., Head, Rosie, Loh, Nellie Y., Devuyst, Olivier, Thomas, Gethin, Brown, Steve D. M., Brown, Matthew, Croucher, Peter, Cox, Roger and Thakker, Rajesh V. (2012) A mouse model of early-onset renal failure due to a Xanthine Dehydrogenase nonsense mutation. Plos One, 7 9: 45217-1-45217-10. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0045217


Author Piret, Sian E.
Esapa, Christopher T.
Gorvin, Caroline M.
Head, Rosie
Loh, Nellie Y.
Devuyst, Olivier
Thomas, Gethin
Brown, Steve D. M.
Brown, Matthew
Croucher, Peter
Cox, Roger
Thakker, Rajesh V.
Title A mouse model of early-onset renal failure due to a Xanthine Dehydrogenase nonsense mutation
Journal name Plos One   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1932-6203
Publication date 2012-09
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1371/journal.pone.0045217
Volume 7
Issue 9
Start page 45217-1
End page 45217-10
Total pages 10
Place of publication San Francisco, CA, United States
Publisher Public Library of Science
Collection year 2013
Language eng
Abstract Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is characterized by renal fibrosis that can lead to end-stage renal failure, and studies have supported a strong genetic influence on the risk of developing CKD. However, investigations of the underlying molecular mechanisms are hampered by the lack of suitable hereditary models in animals. We therefore sought to establish hereditary mouse models for CKD and renal fibrosis by investigating mice treated with the chemical mutagen N-ethyl-N-nitrosourea, and identified a mouse with autosomal recessive renal failure, designated RENF. Three-week old RENF mice were smaller than their littermates, whereas at birth they had been of similar size. RENF mice, at 4-weeks of age, had elevated concentrations of plasma urea and creatinine, indicating renal failure, which was associated with small and irregularly shaped kidneys. Genetic studies using DNA from 10 affected mice and 91 single nucleotide polymorphisms mapped the Renf locus to a 5.8Mbp region on chromosome 17E1.3. DNA sequencing of the xanthine dehydrogenase (Xdh) gene revealed a nonsense mutation at codon 26 that co-segregated with affected RENF mice. The Xdh mutation resulted in loss of hepatic XDH and renal Cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) expression. XDH mutations in man cause xanthinuria with undetectable plasma uric acid levels and three RENF mice had plasma uric acid levels below the limit of detection. Histological analysis of RENF kidney sections revealed abnormal arrangement of glomeruli, intratubular casts, cellular infiltration in the interstitial space, and interstitial fibrosis. TUNEL analysis of RENF kidney sections showed extensive apoptosis predominantly affecting the tubules. Thus, we have established a mouse model for autosomal recessive early-onset renal failure due to a nonsense mutation in Xdh that is a model for xanthinuria in man. This mouse model could help to increase our understanding of the molecular mechanisms associated with renal fibrosis and the specific roles of XDH and uric acid.
Keyword Chronic kidney-disease
Tubulointerstitial fibrosis
Classical xanthinuria
Deficient mice
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ
Additional Notes Article numbere45217. Published: September 14, 2012.

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2013 Collection
UQ Diamantina Institute - Open Access Collection
UQ Diamantina Institute Publications
 
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