Primary motor cortex involvement in initial learning during visuomotor adaptation

Riek, Stephan, Hinder, Mark R. and Carson, Richard G. (2012) Primary motor cortex involvement in initial learning during visuomotor adaptation. Neuropsychologia, 50 10: 2515-2523. doi:10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2012.06.024

Author Riek, Stephan
Hinder, Mark R.
Carson, Richard G.
Title Primary motor cortex involvement in initial learning during visuomotor adaptation
Journal name Neuropsychologia   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0028-3932
Publication date 2012-08
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2012.06.024
Volume 50
Issue 10
Start page 2515
End page 2523
Total pages 9
Place of publication Kidlington, Oxford, United Kingdom
Publisher Pergamon
Collection year 2013
Language eng
Abstract Human motor behaviour is continually modified on the basis of errors between desired and actual movement outcomes. It is emerging that the role played by the primary motor cortex (M1) in this process is contingent upon a variety of factors, including the nature of the task being performed, and the stage of learning. Here we used repetitive TMS to test the hypothesis that M1 is intimately involved in the initial phase of sensorimotor adaptation. Inhibitory theta burst stimulation was applied to M1 prior to a task requiring modification of torques generated about the elbow/forearm complex in response to rotations of a visual feedback display. Participants were first exposed to a 30° clockwise (CW) rotation (Block A), then a 60° counterclockwise rotation (Block B), followed immediately by a second block of 30° CW rotation (A2). In the STIM condition, participants received 20 s of continuous theta burst stimulation (cTBS) prior to the initial A Block. In the conventional (CON) condition, no stimulation was applied. The overt characteristics of performance in the two conditions were essentially equivalent with respect to the errors exhibited upon exposure to a new variant of the task. There were however, profound differences between the conditions in the latency of response preparation, and the excitability of corticospinal projections from M1, which accompanied phases of de-adaptation and re-adaptation (during Blocks B and A2). Upon subsequent exposure to the A rotation 24 h later, the rate of re-adaptation was lower in the stimulation condition than that present in the conventional condition. These results support the assertion that primary motor cortex assumes a key role in a network that mediates adaptation to visuomotor perturbation, and emphasise that it is engaged functionally during the early phase of learning.
Keyword Motor learning
Repetitive TMS
Internal models
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2013 Collection
School of Human Movement and Nutrition Sciences Publications
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