Application of the Gallavotti-Cohen fluctuation relation to thermostated steady states near equilibrium

Evans, Denis J., Searles, Debra J. and Rondoni, Lamberto (2005) Application of the Gallavotti-Cohen fluctuation relation to thermostated steady states near equilibrium. Physical Review E, 71 5: 056120.1-056120.12.


Author Evans, Denis J.
Searles, Debra J.
Rondoni, Lamberto
Title Application of the Gallavotti-Cohen fluctuation relation to thermostated steady states near equilibrium
Journal name Physical Review E   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1539-3755
1550-2376
Publication date 2005-05
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1103/PhysRevE.71.056120
Volume 71
Issue 5
Start page 056120.1
End page 056120.12
Total pages 12
Place of publication College Park, MD, United States
Publisher American Physical Society
Language eng
Abstract The fluctuation relation of the Gallavotti-Cohen fluctuation theorem (GCFT) concerns fluctuations in the phase-space compression rate of dissipative, reversible dynamical systems. It has been proven for Anosov systems, but it is expected to apply more generally. This raises the question of which non-Anosov systems satisfy the fluctuation relation. We analyze time-dependent fluctuations in the phase space compression rate of a class of N-particle systems that are at equilibrium or in near equilibrium steady states. This class does not include Anosov systems or isoenergetic systems; however, it includes most steady-state systems considered in molecular-dynamics simulations of realistic systems. We argue that the fluctuations of the phase-space compression rate of these systems at or near equilibrium do not satisfy the fluctuation relation of the GCFT, although the discrepancies become somewhat smaller as the systems move further from equilibrium. In contrast, similar fluctuation relations for an appropriately defined dissipation function appear to hold both near and far from equilibrium.
Keyword Non-Anosov systems
Fluctuation relation
N-particle systems
Steady-state systems
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Non-UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: School of Chemistry and Molecular Biosciences
Australian Institute for Bioengineering and Nanotechnology Publications
 
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