Time use, role participation and life satisfaction of older people: impact of driving status

Liddle, Jacki, Gustafsson, Louise, Bartlett, Helen and McKenna, Kryss (2012) Time use, role participation and life satisfaction of older people: impact of driving status. Australian Occupational Therapy Journal, 59 5: 384-392. doi:10.1111/j.1440-1630.2011.00956.x

Author Liddle, Jacki
Gustafsson, Louise
Bartlett, Helen
McKenna, Kryss
Title Time use, role participation and life satisfaction of older people: impact of driving status
Journal name Australian Occupational Therapy Journal   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0045-0766
Publication date 2012-10
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1111/j.1440-1630.2011.00956.x
Volume 59
Issue 5
Start page 384
End page 392
Total pages 9
Place of publication Richmond, VIC Australia
Publisher Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Asia
Collection year 2013
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Background/aim:  Driving cessation has been recognised as affecting the health and wellbeing of older people. Further exploration of the impact of driving status on time use, role participation and life satisfaction was required.

Methods:  A cross-sectional survey of 234 older people (current drivers, retired drivers and people who have never driven) was employed. Time use in the previous week, role participation and life satisfaction were measured and compared between the groups, while controlling for sociodemographic variables (health status, activities of daily living and instrumental activities of daily living status, gender, age and living situation).

Results:  When compared to current drivers, retired drivers had significantly lower life satisfaction (P = 0.01), fewer present roles (P < 0.0001) and were less likely to participate in volunteer (P = 0.005) and family member roles (P = 0.009). Retired drivers spent less time on social leisure (P = 0.002) and away from home (P = 0.0001), and more time in solitary leisure (P = 0.0001). Comparing the participation of retired drivers with those who had never driven indicated that retired drivers spent significantly less time in volunteer work (P = 0.009).

Conclusions:  The findings indicate that older non-drivers may require support for participation and wellbeing.
Keyword Activities of daily living
Automobile driving
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: UQ Centre for Clinical Research Publications
Official 2013 Collection
School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences Publications
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Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 11 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
Scopus Citation Count Cited 15 times in Scopus Article | Citations
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Created: Wed, 03 Oct 2012, 14:04:38 EST by Dr Jacki Liddle on behalf of UQ Centre for Clinical Research